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Strategies to maintain health in the Third World.
Trop Med Parasitol. 1991 Dec; 42(4):428-32.TM

Abstract

International cooperation with Third World countries aims at reducing the high morbidity and mortality of the population to a tolerable level. The main health problems are caused by poverty. Thus, the range of diseases in tropical countries can be explained more readily by the socio-economic situation than solely by the climate. Health services, in Africa in particular, have had to reduce drastically their budgets in the last ten years and now have only approximately 1/1000th of the funds usually available in industrialised countries. High population growth reduces the resources available per head, increases infection potential and worsens living conditions. Control strategies must take account of these circumstances in order to achieve the required sustained effect within the framework of primary health care. The example of the control of several infectious diseases, such as schistosomiasis, pneumonia, malaria and AIDS, is used to show that control programmes can be effective but, in the current conditions, can hardly be maintained without outside support. In the future, diseases caused by environmental problems and new life styles as a result of industrialization, urbanization and slum growth will move dramatically into the foreground.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health, Population and Nutrition Division, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn, F.R.G.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1796244

Citation

Korte, R, et al. "Strategies to Maintain Health in the Third World." Tropical Medicine and Parasitology : Official Organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), vol. 42, no. 4, 1991, pp. 428-32.
Korte R, Rehle T, Merkle A. Strategies to maintain health in the Third World. Trop Med Parasitol. 1991;42(4):428-32.
Korte, R., Rehle, T., & Merkle, A. (1991). Strategies to maintain health in the Third World. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology : Official Organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), 42(4), 428-32.
Korte R, Rehle T, Merkle A. Strategies to Maintain Health in the Third World. Trop Med Parasitol. 1991;42(4):428-32. PubMed PMID: 1796244.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Strategies to maintain health in the Third World. AU - Korte,R, AU - Rehle,T, AU - Merkle,A, PY - 1991/12/1/pubmed PY - 1991/12/1/medline PY - 1991/12/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome--prevention and control KW - Africa KW - Causes Of Death KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diarrhea KW - Diseases KW - Hiv Infections KW - Infant Mortality KW - Infections KW - Malaria KW - Maternal Mortality KW - Morbidity KW - Mortality KW - Parasitic Diseases KW - Population KW - Population Dynamics KW - Population Growth KW - Respiratory Infections KW - Tuberculosis KW - Viral Diseases SP - 428 EP - 32 JF - Tropical medicine and parasitology : official organ of Deutsche Tropenmedizinische Gesellschaft and of Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) JO - Trop Med Parasitol VL - 42 IS - 4 N2 - International cooperation with Third World countries aims at reducing the high morbidity and mortality of the population to a tolerable level. The main health problems are caused by poverty. Thus, the range of diseases in tropical countries can be explained more readily by the socio-economic situation than solely by the climate. Health services, in Africa in particular, have had to reduce drastically their budgets in the last ten years and now have only approximately 1/1000th of the funds usually available in industrialised countries. High population growth reduces the resources available per head, increases infection potential and worsens living conditions. Control strategies must take account of these circumstances in order to achieve the required sustained effect within the framework of primary health care. The example of the control of several infectious diseases, such as schistosomiasis, pneumonia, malaria and AIDS, is used to show that control programmes can be effective but, in the current conditions, can hardly be maintained without outside support. In the future, diseases caused by environmental problems and new life styles as a result of industrialization, urbanization and slum growth will move dramatically into the foreground. SN - 0177-2392 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1796244/Strategies_to_maintain_health_in_the_Third_World_ L2 - http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kb-05-04-04 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -