Augmentation of aripiprazole with low-dose clozapine.Pharmacotherapy. 2007 Nov; 27(11):1599-602.P
An issue under much clinical debate is whether treatment with two antipsychotic agents simultaneously is advantageous for optimizing response in patients whose previous monotherapy with antipsychotic agents has failed. Minimal evidence supports treatment with multiple antipsychotics, even when the agents have different mechanisms of action. The standard of care for treating schizophrenia is to first use monotherapy of adequate dosage and duration, including a trial of clozapine before adding a second agent. We report the case of a 32-year-old man whose monotherapy with various antipsychotic agents failed. During attempted conversion from aripiprazole to clozapine, the patient experienced a significant reduction in psychiatric features. Despite this improvement, the patient became resistant to the clozapine titration schedule due to complaints of sedation. Aripiprazole combined with low-dose clozapine as maintenance therapy resulted in a positive clinical outcome despite a clozapine serum level that is generally considered subtherapeutic. This case emphasizes the importance of making interventions based on individual patient response.