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Food security status and produce intake and behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2007 Nov; 107(11):1903-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study identified differences between women from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)- and WIC/Farmers' Market Nutrition Program-participating households regarding household food security status, fruit and vegetable intake and behaviors, perceived diet quality, and education level; and assessed the relationship between household food security status and perceived diet quality and perceived health. DESIGN, SUBJECTS/SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of women from Athens County, Ohio (WIC, n=829; Farmers' Market Nutrition Program, n=246) living in WIC households.

RESULTS

Of 228 participants completing the food security portion of the survey, 61 (26.8%) were living in food secure households, while 47 (20.6%), 75 (32.9%), and 45 (19.7%) were living in households at risk for (marginal) food insecurity, with low food security, and with very low food security, respectively. For the entire sample, food insecurity was associated with poorer diet quality (r=-0.248, P<0.001). Food security status (chi(2)=2.117, P=0.548) did not differ between groups. Farmers' Market Nutrition Program reported higher education levels (P=0.027). Unlike fruit intake (t test, P=0.769), vegetable intake servings were greater among Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (2.2+/-1.2), compared to WIC (1.9+/-1.0) (t test, P=0.040). Both perceived benefit (chi(2)=4.574, P=0.032) and perceived diet quality (chi(2)=7.219, P=0.027) were greater for Farmers' Market Nutrition Program.

CONCLUSIONS

Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants exhibit more indicators of a healthful diet, but appear not to be more food secure. Nutrition education regarding the benefits of fresh produce intake can help to improve diet quality and increase Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Human and Consumer Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17964309

Citation

Kropf, Mary L., et al. "Food Security Status and Produce Intake and Behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program Participants." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 11, 2007, pp. 1903-8.
Kropf ML, Holben DH, Holcomb JP, et al. Food security status and produce intake and behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(11):1903-8.
Kropf, M. L., Holben, D. H., Holcomb, J. P., & Anderson, H. (2007). Food security status and produce intake and behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(11), 1903-8.
Kropf ML, et al. Food Security Status and Produce Intake and Behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program Participants. J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(11):1903-8. PubMed PMID: 17964309.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food security status and produce intake and behaviors of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children and Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants. AU - Kropf,Mary L, AU - Holben,David H, AU - Holcomb,John P,Jr AU - Anderson,Heidi, PY - 2006/06/08/received PY - 2007/10/30/pubmed PY - 2007/12/7/medline PY - 2007/10/30/entrez SP - 1903 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 107 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study identified differences between women from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)- and WIC/Farmers' Market Nutrition Program-participating households regarding household food security status, fruit and vegetable intake and behaviors, perceived diet quality, and education level; and assessed the relationship between household food security status and perceived diet quality and perceived health. DESIGN, SUBJECTS/SETTING: Cross-sectional survey of women from Athens County, Ohio (WIC, n=829; Farmers' Market Nutrition Program, n=246) living in WIC households. RESULTS: Of 228 participants completing the food security portion of the survey, 61 (26.8%) were living in food secure households, while 47 (20.6%), 75 (32.9%), and 45 (19.7%) were living in households at risk for (marginal) food insecurity, with low food security, and with very low food security, respectively. For the entire sample, food insecurity was associated with poorer diet quality (r=-0.248, P<0.001). Food security status (chi(2)=2.117, P=0.548) did not differ between groups. Farmers' Market Nutrition Program reported higher education levels (P=0.027). Unlike fruit intake (t test, P=0.769), vegetable intake servings were greater among Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (2.2+/-1.2), compared to WIC (1.9+/-1.0) (t test, P=0.040). Both perceived benefit (chi(2)=4.574, P=0.032) and perceived diet quality (chi(2)=7.219, P=0.027) were greater for Farmers' Market Nutrition Program. CONCLUSIONS: Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participants exhibit more indicators of a healthful diet, but appear not to be more food secure. Nutrition education regarding the benefits of fresh produce intake can help to improve diet quality and increase Farmers' Market Nutrition Program participation. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17964309/Food_security_status_and_produce_intake_and_behaviors_of_Special_Supplemental_Nutrition_Program_for_Women_Infants_and_Children_and_Farmers'_Market_Nutrition_Program_participants_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(07)01624-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -