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Importance of psychosocial work factors on general health outcomes in the national French SUMER survey.
Occup Med (Lond) 2008; 58(1):15-24OM

Abstract

AIM

To examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and general health outcomes, taking into account other occupational risk factors, within the national French working population.

METHODS

The study was based on a large national sample of 24 486 women and men of the French working population who filled in a self-administered questionnaire in 2003 (response rate: 96.5%). Psychosocial work exposures included psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, workplace bullying and violence from the public. The three health indicators studied were self-reported health, long sickness absence (>8 days of absence) and work injury. Adjustment was made for covariates: age, occupation, work status, working hours, time schedules, physical, ergonomic, biological and chemical exposures. Men and women were studied separately.

RESULTS

Low levels of decision latitude, and of social support, and high psychological demands were found to be risk factors for poor self-reported health and long sickness absence. High demands were also found to be associated with work injury. Workplace bullying and/or violence from the public also increased the risk of poor health, long sickness absence and work injury.

CONCLUSION

Psychosocial work factors were found to be strong risk factors for health outcomes; the results were unchanged after adjustment for other occupational risk factors. Preventive efforts should be intensified towards reducing these psychosocial work exposures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM, U687-IFR69, Saint-Maurice, France. isabelle.niedhammer@st-maurice.inserm.fr

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17965447

Citation

Niedhammer, Isabelle, et al. "Importance of Psychosocial Work Factors On General Health Outcomes in the National French SUMER Survey." Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), vol. 58, no. 1, 2008, pp. 15-24.
Niedhammer I, Chastang JF, David S. Importance of psychosocial work factors on general health outcomes in the national French SUMER survey. Occup Med (Lond). 2008;58(1):15-24.
Niedhammer, I., Chastang, J. F., & David, S. (2008). Importance of psychosocial work factors on general health outcomes in the national French SUMER survey. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 58(1), pp. 15-24.
Niedhammer I, Chastang JF, David S. Importance of Psychosocial Work Factors On General Health Outcomes in the National French SUMER Survey. Occup Med (Lond). 2008;58(1):15-24. PubMed PMID: 17965447.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Importance of psychosocial work factors on general health outcomes in the national French SUMER survey. AU - Niedhammer,Isabelle, AU - Chastang,Jean-François, AU - David,Simone, Y1 - 2007/10/27/ PY - 2007/10/30/pubmed PY - 2008/7/31/medline PY - 2007/10/30/entrez SP - 15 EP - 24 JF - Occupational medicine (Oxford, England) JO - Occup Med (Lond) VL - 58 IS - 1 N2 - AIM: To examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and general health outcomes, taking into account other occupational risk factors, within the national French working population. METHODS: The study was based on a large national sample of 24 486 women and men of the French working population who filled in a self-administered questionnaire in 2003 (response rate: 96.5%). Psychosocial work exposures included psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, workplace bullying and violence from the public. The three health indicators studied were self-reported health, long sickness absence (>8 days of absence) and work injury. Adjustment was made for covariates: age, occupation, work status, working hours, time schedules, physical, ergonomic, biological and chemical exposures. Men and women were studied separately. RESULTS: Low levels of decision latitude, and of social support, and high psychological demands were found to be risk factors for poor self-reported health and long sickness absence. High demands were also found to be associated with work injury. Workplace bullying and/or violence from the public also increased the risk of poor health, long sickness absence and work injury. CONCLUSION: Psychosocial work factors were found to be strong risk factors for health outcomes; the results were unchanged after adjustment for other occupational risk factors. Preventive efforts should be intensified towards reducing these psychosocial work exposures. SN - 0962-7480 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17965447/Importance_of_psychosocial_work_factors_on_general_health_outcomes_in_the_national_French_SUMER_survey_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/occmed/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/occmed/kqm115 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -