Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The role of tinnitus evaluation tests in differentiating functional versus organic tinnitus.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Nov; 137(5):772-5.OH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the usefulness of tinnitus tests in differentiating patients with functional tinnitus from patients with organic tinnitus.

DESIGN

One hundred ninety-six patients with tinnitus were divided into 2 groups. Forty-three patients, group 1, were not exposed to noise and had sensorineural hearing loss. One hundred fifty-three patients, group 2, were exposed to noise and claimed disability. All the patients underwent 4 tinnitus evaluation tests: pitch matching, intensity matching, residual inhibition, and tinnitus masking. We compared the results of the tinnitus tests between the 2 groups.

RESULTS

Group 1 patients had a high-frequency, low-intensity tinnitus that tended to be more inhibited by narrow-band noise, was usually consistent with type I Feldman masking curve, and could be effectively masked. Group 2 patients had tinnitus that could not be characterized. The results of the tinnitus tests were significantly different between the groups.

CONCLUSION

Tinnitus tests may help us differentiate functional tinnitus that is not of cochlear origin from genuine tinnitus.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel. avichai@mcc.org.ilNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17967644

Citation

Segal, Nili Tal, et al. "The Role of Tinnitus Evaluation Tests in Differentiating Functional Versus Organic Tinnitus." Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 137, no. 5, 2007, pp. 772-5.
Segal NT, Puterman M, Shkolnik M, et al. The role of tinnitus evaluation tests in differentiating functional versus organic tinnitus. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137(5):772-5.
Segal, N. T., Puterman, M., Shkolnik, M., Niv, A., Kaplan, D., Kochva, A., & Kraus, M. (2007). The role of tinnitus evaluation tests in differentiating functional versus organic tinnitus. Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 137(5), 772-5.
Segal NT, et al. The Role of Tinnitus Evaluation Tests in Differentiating Functional Versus Organic Tinnitus. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007;137(5):772-5. PubMed PMID: 17967644.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of tinnitus evaluation tests in differentiating functional versus organic tinnitus. AU - Segal,Nili Tal, AU - Puterman,Max, AU - Shkolnik,Mark, AU - Niv,Alexander, AU - Kaplan,Daniel, AU - Kochva,Anat, AU - Kraus,Mordechai, PY - 2007/01/13/received PY - 2007/05/08/revised PY - 2007/06/05/accepted PY - 2007/10/31/pubmed PY - 2007/12/19/medline PY - 2007/10/31/entrez SP - 772 EP - 5 JF - Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery JO - Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg VL - 137 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of tinnitus tests in differentiating patients with functional tinnitus from patients with organic tinnitus. DESIGN: One hundred ninety-six patients with tinnitus were divided into 2 groups. Forty-three patients, group 1, were not exposed to noise and had sensorineural hearing loss. One hundred fifty-three patients, group 2, were exposed to noise and claimed disability. All the patients underwent 4 tinnitus evaluation tests: pitch matching, intensity matching, residual inhibition, and tinnitus masking. We compared the results of the tinnitus tests between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Group 1 patients had a high-frequency, low-intensity tinnitus that tended to be more inhibited by narrow-band noise, was usually consistent with type I Feldman masking curve, and could be effectively masked. Group 2 patients had tinnitus that could not be characterized. The results of the tinnitus tests were significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSION: Tinnitus tests may help us differentiate functional tinnitus that is not of cochlear origin from genuine tinnitus. SN - 0194-5998 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17967644/The_role_of_tinnitus_evaluation_tests_in_differentiating_functional_versus_organic_tinnitus_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1016/j.otohns.2007.06.717?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -