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Intramolecular alkyl phosphine dehydrogenation in cationic rhodium complexes of tris(cyclopentylphosphine).
Chemistry. 2008; 14(3):1004-22.C

Abstract

[Rh(nbd)(PCyp(3))(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (1) [nbd = norbornadiene, Ar(F) = C(6)H(3)(CF(3))(2), PCyp(3) = tris(cyclopentylphosphine)] spontaneously undergoes dehydrogenation of each PCyp(3) ligand in CH(2)Cl(2) solution to form an equilibrium mixture of cis-[Rh{PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (2 a) and trans-[Rh{PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (2 b), which have hybrid phosphine-alkene ligands. In this reaction nbd acts as a sequential acceptor of hydrogen to eventually give norbornane. Complex 2 b is distorted in the solid-state away from square planar. DFT calculations have been used to rationalise this distortion. Addition of H(2) to 2 a/b hydrogenates the phosphine-alkene ligand and forms the bisdihydrogen/dihydride complex [Rh(PCyp(3))(2)(H)(2)(eta(2)-H(2))(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (5) which has been identified spectroscopically. Addition of the hydrogen acceptor tert-butylethene (tbe) to 5 eventually regenerates 2 a/b, passing through an intermediate which has undergone dehydrogenation of only one PCyp(3) ligand, which can be trapped by addition of MeCN to form trans-[Rh{PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}(PCyp(3))(NCMe)][BAr(F) (4)] (6). Dehydrogenation of a PCyp(3) ligand also occurs on addition of Na[BAr(F) (4)] to [RhCl(nbd)(PCyp(3))] in presence of arene (benzene, fluorobenzene) to give [Rh(eta(6)-C(6)H(5)X){PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] (7: X = F, 8: X = H). The related complex [Rh(nbd){PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] 9 is also reported. Rapid (approximately 5 minutes) acceptorless dehydrogenation occurs on treatment of [RhCl(dppe)(PCyp(3))] with Na[BAr(F) (4)] to give [Rh(dppe){PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] (10), which reacts with H(2) to afford the dihydride/dihydrogen complex [Rh(dppe)(PCyp(3))(H)(2)(eta(2)-H(2))][BAr(F) (4)] (11). Competition experiments using the new mixed alkyl phosphine ligand PCy(2)(Cyp) show that [RhCl(nbd){PCy(2)(Cyp)}] undergoes dehydrogenation exclusively at the cyclopentyl group to give [Rh(eta(6)-C(6)H(5)X){PCy(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] (17: X = F, 18: X = H). The underlying reasons behind this preference have been probed using DFT calculations. All the complexes have been characterised by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, and for 2 a/b, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 17 also by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

17992682

Citation

Douglas, Thomas M., et al. "Intramolecular Alkyl Phosphine Dehydrogenation in Cationic Rhodium Complexes of Tris(cyclopentylphosphine)." Chemistry (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany), vol. 14, no. 3, 2008, pp. 1004-22.
Douglas TM, Brayshaw SK, Dallanegra R, et al. Intramolecular alkyl phosphine dehydrogenation in cationic rhodium complexes of tris(cyclopentylphosphine). Chemistry. 2008;14(3):1004-22.
Douglas, T. M., Brayshaw, S. K., Dallanegra, R., Kociok-Köhn, G., Macgregor, S. A., Moxham, G. L., Weller, A. S., Wondimagegn, T., & Vadivelu, P. (2008). Intramolecular alkyl phosphine dehydrogenation in cationic rhodium complexes of tris(cyclopentylphosphine). Chemistry (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany), 14(3), 1004-22.
Douglas TM, et al. Intramolecular Alkyl Phosphine Dehydrogenation in Cationic Rhodium Complexes of Tris(cyclopentylphosphine). Chemistry. 2008;14(3):1004-22. PubMed PMID: 17992682.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intramolecular alkyl phosphine dehydrogenation in cationic rhodium complexes of tris(cyclopentylphosphine). AU - Douglas,Thomas M, AU - Brayshaw,Simon K, AU - Dallanegra,Romaeo, AU - Kociok-Köhn,Gabriele, AU - Macgregor,Stuart A, AU - Moxham,Gemma L, AU - Weller,Andrew S, AU - Wondimagegn,Tebikie, AU - Vadivelu,Prabha, PY - 2007/11/10/pubmed PY - 2008/4/18/medline PY - 2007/11/10/entrez SP - 1004 EP - 22 JF - Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) JO - Chemistry VL - 14 IS - 3 N2 - [Rh(nbd)(PCyp(3))(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (1) [nbd = norbornadiene, Ar(F) = C(6)H(3)(CF(3))(2), PCyp(3) = tris(cyclopentylphosphine)] spontaneously undergoes dehydrogenation of each PCyp(3) ligand in CH(2)Cl(2) solution to form an equilibrium mixture of cis-[Rh{PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (2 a) and trans-[Rh{PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (2 b), which have hybrid phosphine-alkene ligands. In this reaction nbd acts as a sequential acceptor of hydrogen to eventually give norbornane. Complex 2 b is distorted in the solid-state away from square planar. DFT calculations have been used to rationalise this distortion. Addition of H(2) to 2 a/b hydrogenates the phosphine-alkene ligand and forms the bisdihydrogen/dihydride complex [Rh(PCyp(3))(2)(H)(2)(eta(2)-H(2))(2)][BAr(F) (4)] (5) which has been identified spectroscopically. Addition of the hydrogen acceptor tert-butylethene (tbe) to 5 eventually regenerates 2 a/b, passing through an intermediate which has undergone dehydrogenation of only one PCyp(3) ligand, which can be trapped by addition of MeCN to form trans-[Rh{PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}(PCyp(3))(NCMe)][BAr(F) (4)] (6). Dehydrogenation of a PCyp(3) ligand also occurs on addition of Na[BAr(F) (4)] to [RhCl(nbd)(PCyp(3))] in presence of arene (benzene, fluorobenzene) to give [Rh(eta(6)-C(6)H(5)X){PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] (7: X = F, 8: X = H). The related complex [Rh(nbd){PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] 9 is also reported. Rapid (approximately 5 minutes) acceptorless dehydrogenation occurs on treatment of [RhCl(dppe)(PCyp(3))] with Na[BAr(F) (4)] to give [Rh(dppe){PCyp(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] (10), which reacts with H(2) to afford the dihydride/dihydrogen complex [Rh(dppe)(PCyp(3))(H)(2)(eta(2)-H(2))][BAr(F) (4)] (11). Competition experiments using the new mixed alkyl phosphine ligand PCy(2)(Cyp) show that [RhCl(nbd){PCy(2)(Cyp)}] undergoes dehydrogenation exclusively at the cyclopentyl group to give [Rh(eta(6)-C(6)H(5)X){PCy(2)(eta(2)-C(5)H(7))}][BAr(F) (4)] (17: X = F, 18: X = H). The underlying reasons behind this preference have been probed using DFT calculations. All the complexes have been characterised by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, and for 2 a/b, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 17 also by single crystal X-ray diffraction. SN - 0947-6539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17992682/Intramolecular_alkyl_phosphine_dehydrogenation_in_cationic_rhodium_complexes_of_tris_cyclopentylphosphine__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.200700954 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -