Extraction of sardine myoglobin and its effect on gelation properties of Pacific whiting surimi.J Food Sci. 2007 May; 72(4):C202-7.JF
Myoglobin (Mb) was extracted from Pacific sardine and added to Pacific whiting surimi to measure its effects on protein gelation. The purity of Mb extract was determined by SDS-PAGE. Mb extract using ethanol showed higher purity than Mb extract using ammonium sulfate. The addition of 0.2% Mb significantly reduced breaking force. However, a synergistic effect of 1.0% Mb was observed with 1.0% beef plasma protein (BPP) to increase surimi gel strength. The highest storage modulus of gels was observed at 1.0% Mb addition, which corresponded with the nonfracture gel and also supported a synergistic interaction between 1.0% Mb and 1.0% BPP. Differential scanning calorimetry showed Mb addition might have affected myosin denaturation and aggregation.