Non-psychotic psychiatric disorders after childbirth: prevalence and comorbidity in a community sample.J Affect Disord. 2008 Jul; 109(1-2):171-6.JA
Postnatal psychiatric morbidity is a frequent and serious complication of childbirth. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and co-occurrence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders in a community sample of postpartum Spanish mothers.
A two-phase cross-sectional study was conducted in which all consecutive women attending the routine 6-week postnatal control visit at the Department of Obstetric and Gynecology of a university-affiliated hospital over a one year period were included. In the first phase, 1453 women were screened with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). In the second phase, 428 participants stratified according to employment status and EPDS outcomes were randomly selected within each stratum for clinical psychiatric evaluation using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Weighted prevalence estimates were obtained for DSM-IV disorders with or without comorbidity.
The overall 6-week prevalence rate for postpartum psychiatric disorders was 18.1% (95% CI 15.0-21.8) and 2.0% (95% CI 1.2-2.9) of postpartum women met criteria for more than one disorder. Mood disorders was the most prevalent group (9.8%; 95% CI 7.9-12.1) followed by adjustment disorders (4.3%; 95% CI 3.0-6.3), and anxiety disorders (4%; 95% CI 3.0-6.3). Comorbidity was associated to major depressive disorder.
Underestimation of some disorders due to the cross-sectional design and the use of a screening instrument with good psychometric characteristics restricted to depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders.
In the context of a 6-week postnatal visit, a high prevalence and heterogeneity of postnatal psychiatric morbidity in a community sample of Spanish women was found.