Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged zero to four months: a community-based study of Turkish women.

Abstract

AIM

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged 0-4 months.

BACKGROUND

Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF recommend feeding babies of 0-6 months exclusively with breast milk and starting complementary foods after the sixth month. In Turkey, however, a vast majority of babies 1-5 months of age (89.4%) are given complementary foods.

METHODS

This cross-sectional study was conducted in central Ankara province, with a sampling of 514 individuals who were selected using the convenience sampling method.

RESULTS

Of the 514 mothers who participated in my research, 260 (50.6%) were found to be feeding their babies exclusively with breast milk; 77 (15.0%), with breast milk + water; 87 (16.9%), with breast milk + baby formula; 70 (13.6%), with breast milk + baby formula + other foods; and 20 (3.9%), baby formula + other foods. Based on multivariate logistic regression analysis results, the mother's employment [odds ratio (OR) = 0.488; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.288-0.827) considerably reduced the incidence of complementary foods, while frequent crying of the baby (OR = 1.687; 95% CI = 1.125-2.530) significantly increased the use of supplementary foods in infant nutrition.

CONCLUSION

This study concluded that frequent crying of the baby increases the likelihood of giving the baby complementary foods. Midwives and nurses can encourage exclusive breastfeeding behaviour by providing individual education and counselling to women whose babies cry frequently.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE

Exclusive breastfeeding of babies aged 0-6 months is crucial for the development and growth of the baby and instrumental in reducing infant morbidities and mortalities. One factor that increases the likelihood of provision of complementary foods is frequent crying of the baby. Midwives and nurses can encourage exclusive breastfeeding behaviour by providing individual education and counselling to women whose babies cry frequently.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Adnan Menderes University, Aydin School of Health, Aydin, Turkey. zkaracam@adu.edu.tr

    Source

    Journal of clinical nursing 17:3 2008 Feb pg 341-9

    MeSH

    Adaptation, Psychological
    Adult
    Attitude to Health
    Breast Feeding
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Crying
    Female
    Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
    Humans
    Infant
    Infant Behavior
    Infant Care
    Infant Food
    Infant, Newborn
    Logistic Models
    Mothers
    Multivariate Analysis
    Nurse's Role
    Nursing Methodology Research
    Patient Education as Topic
    Risk Factors
    Social Support
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Turkey

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18005124

    Citation

    Karaçam, Zekiye. "Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding of Healthy Babies Aged Zero to Four Months: a Community-based Study of Turkish Women." Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 17, no. 3, 2008, pp. 341-9.
    Karaçam Z. Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged zero to four months: a community-based study of Turkish women. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17(3):341-9.
    Karaçam, Z. (2008). Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged zero to four months: a community-based study of Turkish women. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(3), pp. 341-9.
    Karaçam Z. Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding of Healthy Babies Aged Zero to Four Months: a Community-based Study of Turkish Women. J Clin Nurs. 2008;17(3):341-9. PubMed PMID: 18005124.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged zero to four months: a community-based study of Turkish women. A1 - Karaçam,Zekiye, Y1 - 2007/11/14/ PY - 2007/11/17/pubmed PY - 2008/3/29/medline PY - 2007/11/17/entrez SP - 341 EP - 9 JF - Journal of clinical nursing JO - J Clin Nurs VL - 17 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect exclusive breastfeeding of healthy babies aged 0-4 months. BACKGROUND: Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF recommend feeding babies of 0-6 months exclusively with breast milk and starting complementary foods after the sixth month. In Turkey, however, a vast majority of babies 1-5 months of age (89.4%) are given complementary foods. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in central Ankara province, with a sampling of 514 individuals who were selected using the convenience sampling method. RESULTS: Of the 514 mothers who participated in my research, 260 (50.6%) were found to be feeding their babies exclusively with breast milk; 77 (15.0%), with breast milk + water; 87 (16.9%), with breast milk + baby formula; 70 (13.6%), with breast milk + baby formula + other foods; and 20 (3.9%), baby formula + other foods. Based on multivariate logistic regression analysis results, the mother's employment [odds ratio (OR) = 0.488; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.288-0.827) considerably reduced the incidence of complementary foods, while frequent crying of the baby (OR = 1.687; 95% CI = 1.125-2.530) significantly increased the use of supplementary foods in infant nutrition. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that frequent crying of the baby increases the likelihood of giving the baby complementary foods. Midwives and nurses can encourage exclusive breastfeeding behaviour by providing individual education and counselling to women whose babies cry frequently. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Exclusive breastfeeding of babies aged 0-6 months is crucial for the development and growth of the baby and instrumental in reducing infant morbidities and mortalities. One factor that increases the likelihood of provision of complementary foods is frequent crying of the baby. Midwives and nurses can encourage exclusive breastfeeding behaviour by providing individual education and counselling to women whose babies cry frequently. SN - 0962-1067 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18005124/Factors_affecting_exclusive_breastfeeding_of_healthy_babies_aged_zero_to_four_months:_a_community_based_study_of_Turkish_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.01936.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -