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Failure of dietary protein and phosphate restriction to retard the rate of progression of chronic renal failure: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial.
Q J Med. 1991 Oct; 81(294):837-55.QJ

Abstract

Ninety-five patients (63 male, 32 female), age 45 +/- 2 years (mean +/- SEM) with chronic renal failure of varied aetiology were randomized to receive either a conventional low protein diet (0.6 g/kg/day protein, 800 mg phosphate; n = 33), a low phosphate diet (providing approximately 1000 mg phosphate plus an orally administered phosphate binder, minimum protein intake 0.8 g/kg/day; n = 30) or to control (minimum protein intake 0.8 g/kg/day, no phosphate restriction; n = 32). Patients were reviewed for a minimum of 6 months before randomization and were withdrawn from the study if plasma creatinine exceeded 900 mumol/l, plasma phosphate was greater than 2.0 mmol/l or at the onset of uraemic symptoms. Following randomization patients were studied for an average of 19 +/- 3 months. Mean plasma creatinine rose from 398 +/- 33 to 600 +/- 50 mumol/l. Dietary protein intake was estimated at 0.69 +/- 0.02 g/kg/day in the low protein group, 1.02 +/- 0.05 in the low phosphate and 1.14 +/- 0.05 in the controls, phosphate intake was 815 +/- 43, 1000 +/- 47, and 1315 +/- 57 mg/day, respectively. Urinary urea excretion and protein catabolic rates were significantly reduced (p less than 0.01) only in those on protein restriction, at 213 +/- 9 mmol/24 hours and 0.71 g/kg/day, respectively. Phosphate excretion was significantly lower (p less than 0.05) in both the low protein group (17.9 +/- 0.8 mmol/24 hours) and the low phosphate group (18.6 +/- 1.0 mmol/24 hours) compared to controls. Changes in body weight, muscle mass and serum transferrin, albumin and immunoglobulins were comparable between the groups. Mean blood pressure following randomization was 150/89 +/- 3/1 (low protein), 148/87 +/- 3/1 (low phosphate) and 146/87 +/- 3/1 (controls). Progression of renal failure was analysed by rate of all of creatinine clearance (ml/min/1.73 m2/month), by rate of deterioration derived from reciprocal plasma creatinine against time plots (1/mmol/year) and to assess individual patient's response to treatment by two phase linear regression ('breakpoint') analysis of reciprocal plasma creatinine/time plots. Progression was analysed only in patients seen for at least 3 months following randomization. The rate of fall of creatinine clearance was not significantly different between the groups (ANOVA): 0.56 +/- 0.08 ml/min/1.73 m2/month (low protein, n = 28), 0.44 +/- 0.07 (low phosphate, n = 23) and 0.69 +/- 0.11 (control, n = 27).(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Renal Units, Royal Liverpool Hospital.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1801057

Citation

Williams, P S., et al. "Failure of Dietary Protein and Phosphate Restriction to Retard the Rate of Progression of Chronic Renal Failure: a Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial." The Quarterly Journal of Medicine, vol. 81, no. 294, 1991, pp. 837-55.
Williams PS, Stevens ME, Fass G, et al. Failure of dietary protein and phosphate restriction to retard the rate of progression of chronic renal failure: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Q J Med. 1991;81(294):837-55.
Williams, P. S., Stevens, M. E., Fass, G., Irons, L., & Bone, J. M. (1991). Failure of dietary protein and phosphate restriction to retard the rate of progression of chronic renal failure: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. The Quarterly Journal of Medicine, 81(294), 837-55.
Williams PS, et al. Failure of Dietary Protein and Phosphate Restriction to Retard the Rate of Progression of Chronic Renal Failure: a Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial. Q J Med. 1991;81(294):837-55. PubMed PMID: 1801057.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Failure of dietary protein and phosphate restriction to retard the rate of progression of chronic renal failure: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. AU - Williams,P S, AU - Stevens,M E, AU - Fass,G, AU - Irons,L, AU - Bone,J M, PY - 1991/10/1/pubmed PY - 1991/10/1/medline PY - 1991/10/1/entrez SP - 837 EP - 55 JF - The Quarterly journal of medicine JO - Q J Med VL - 81 IS - 294 N2 - Ninety-five patients (63 male, 32 female), age 45 +/- 2 years (mean +/- SEM) with chronic renal failure of varied aetiology were randomized to receive either a conventional low protein diet (0.6 g/kg/day protein, 800 mg phosphate; n = 33), a low phosphate diet (providing approximately 1000 mg phosphate plus an orally administered phosphate binder, minimum protein intake 0.8 g/kg/day; n = 30) or to control (minimum protein intake 0.8 g/kg/day, no phosphate restriction; n = 32). Patients were reviewed for a minimum of 6 months before randomization and were withdrawn from the study if plasma creatinine exceeded 900 mumol/l, plasma phosphate was greater than 2.0 mmol/l or at the onset of uraemic symptoms. Following randomization patients were studied for an average of 19 +/- 3 months. Mean plasma creatinine rose from 398 +/- 33 to 600 +/- 50 mumol/l. Dietary protein intake was estimated at 0.69 +/- 0.02 g/kg/day in the low protein group, 1.02 +/- 0.05 in the low phosphate and 1.14 +/- 0.05 in the controls, phosphate intake was 815 +/- 43, 1000 +/- 47, and 1315 +/- 57 mg/day, respectively. Urinary urea excretion and protein catabolic rates were significantly reduced (p less than 0.01) only in those on protein restriction, at 213 +/- 9 mmol/24 hours and 0.71 g/kg/day, respectively. Phosphate excretion was significantly lower (p less than 0.05) in both the low protein group (17.9 +/- 0.8 mmol/24 hours) and the low phosphate group (18.6 +/- 1.0 mmol/24 hours) compared to controls. Changes in body weight, muscle mass and serum transferrin, albumin and immunoglobulins were comparable between the groups. Mean blood pressure following randomization was 150/89 +/- 3/1 (low protein), 148/87 +/- 3/1 (low phosphate) and 146/87 +/- 3/1 (controls). Progression of renal failure was analysed by rate of all of creatinine clearance (ml/min/1.73 m2/month), by rate of deterioration derived from reciprocal plasma creatinine against time plots (1/mmol/year) and to assess individual patient's response to treatment by two phase linear regression ('breakpoint') analysis of reciprocal plasma creatinine/time plots. Progression was analysed only in patients seen for at least 3 months following randomization. The rate of fall of creatinine clearance was not significantly different between the groups (ANOVA): 0.56 +/- 0.08 ml/min/1.73 m2/month (low protein, n = 28), 0.44 +/- 0.07 (low phosphate, n = 23) and 0.69 +/- 0.11 (control, n = 27).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0033-5622 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1801057/Failure_of_dietary_protein_and_phosphate_restriction_to_retard_the_rate_of_progression_of_chronic_renal_failure:_a_prospective_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/kidneyfailure.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -