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Nature of anxiety comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children from a pediatric primary care setting.
Psychiatry Res. 2008 Jan 15; 157(1-3):201-9.PR

Abstract

The clinical characteristics of children with comorbid anxiety and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD were examined. A sample of children from a pediatric primary care practice was assessed for anxiety disorders and ADHD. We defined four groups of children: (1) anxiety disorders only with no ADHD (n=54); (2) ADHD-only with no anxiety disorder (n=15); (3) neither ADHD nor an anxiety disorder (n=107); and (4) comorbid ADHD and anxiety disorder (n=14). Approximately 50% of children with ADHD had a comorbid anxiety disorder, and approximately 20% of children with an anxiety disorder had comorbid ADHD. The presence of comorbid ADHD and anxiety was associated with more attentional problems, school fears, and mood disorders and lower levels of social competence compared to children who had either ADHD-only or anxiety-only. Children with comorbid anxiety disorders and ADHD have more severe symptoms and are more impaired than children with either condition alone. Interventions need to be tailored to address the complexity of these comorbid conditions and their associated sequelae.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Saskatchewan, 103 Hospital Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada. bowen@duke.usask.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18023880

Citation

Bowen, Rudy, et al. "Nature of Anxiety Comorbid With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children From a Pediatric Primary Care Setting." Psychiatry Research, vol. 157, no. 1-3, 2008, pp. 201-9.
Bowen R, Chavira DA, Bailey K, et al. Nature of anxiety comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children from a pediatric primary care setting. Psychiatry Res. 2008;157(1-3):201-9.
Bowen, R., Chavira, D. A., Bailey, K., Stein, M. T., & Stein, M. B. (2008). Nature of anxiety comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children from a pediatric primary care setting. Psychiatry Research, 157(1-3), 201-9.
Bowen R, et al. Nature of Anxiety Comorbid With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children From a Pediatric Primary Care Setting. Psychiatry Res. 2008 Jan 15;157(1-3):201-9. PubMed PMID: 18023880.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nature of anxiety comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children from a pediatric primary care setting. AU - Bowen,Rudy, AU - Chavira,Denise A, AU - Bailey,Kelly, AU - Stein,Martin T, AU - Stein,Murray B, Y1 - 2007/11/19/ PY - 2003/07/29/received PY - 2004/11/16/revised PY - 2004/12/16/accepted PY - 2007/11/21/pubmed PY - 2008/3/26/medline PY - 2007/11/21/entrez SP - 201 EP - 9 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 157 IS - 1-3 N2 - The clinical characteristics of children with comorbid anxiety and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD were examined. A sample of children from a pediatric primary care practice was assessed for anxiety disorders and ADHD. We defined four groups of children: (1) anxiety disorders only with no ADHD (n=54); (2) ADHD-only with no anxiety disorder (n=15); (3) neither ADHD nor an anxiety disorder (n=107); and (4) comorbid ADHD and anxiety disorder (n=14). Approximately 50% of children with ADHD had a comorbid anxiety disorder, and approximately 20% of children with an anxiety disorder had comorbid ADHD. The presence of comorbid ADHD and anxiety was associated with more attentional problems, school fears, and mood disorders and lower levels of social competence compared to children who had either ADHD-only or anxiety-only. Children with comorbid anxiety disorders and ADHD have more severe symptoms and are more impaired than children with either condition alone. Interventions need to be tailored to address the complexity of these comorbid conditions and their associated sequelae. SN - 0165-1781 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18023880/Nature_of_anxiety_comorbid_with_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_in_children_from_a_pediatric_primary_care_setting_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(07)00115-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -