Characterization of thyroglobulin epitopes in patients with autoimmune and non-autoimmune thyroid diseases using recombinant human monoclonal thyroglobulin autoantibodies.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Feb; 93(2):591-6.JC
Thyroglobulin (Tg) epitopes of serum Tg autoantibodies (TgAb) have been characterized using inhibition of Tg binding by human monoclonal TgAb in autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) [Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and Graves' disease (GD)] but not in non-AITD [nontoxic multinodular goiter (NTMG) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC)].
Our objective was to compare Tg epitopes of serum TgAb from patients with AITD, non-AITD, and PTC associated with histological thyroiditis (PTC-T) using inhibition of Tg binding by four recombinant human TgAb-Fab (epitopic regions A-D).
Inhibition of Tg binding of 24 HT, 25 GD, 19 NTMG, 15 PTC, and 25 PTC-T TgAb-positive sera by each TgAb-Fab was evaluated in ELISA. Inhibition by the pool of the four TgAb-Fab was evaluated using labeled Tg.
Levels of inhibition were different for TgAb-Fab regions A (P = 0.001), B (0.007), and D (0.011). Inhibition by region A TgAb-Fab was significantly higher in HT, GD, and PTC-T than in NTMG and PTC patients. Inhibition levels by region B TgAb-Fab were significantly higher in HT compared with NTMG and PTC patients and in GD compared with NTMG patients. Inhibition by D region TgAb-Fab was significantly lower in NTMG than in the other groups. Inhibition by the pool ranged from 44% (NTMG) to 72% (GD).
The pattern of Tg recognition is similar when HT patients are compared to GD and NTMG to PTC patients and differs when AITD are compared with non-AITD patients. In PTC-T patients, it is similar to that of AITD patients.