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Activation of proteinase-activated receptor 2 in human osteoarthritic cartilage upregulates catabolic and proinflammatory pathways capable of inducing cartilage degradation: a basic science study.
Arthritis Res Ther. 2007; 9(6):R121.AR

Abstract

Proteinase-activated receptors (PARs) belong to a family of G protein-coupled receptors. PARs are activated by a serine-dependent cleavage generating a tethered activating ligand. PAR-2 was shown to be involved in inflammatory pathways. We investigated the in situ levels and modulation of PAR-2 in human normal and osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage/chondrocytes. Furthermore, we evaluated the role of PAR-2 on the synthesis of the major catabolic factors in OA cartilage, including metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-13 and the inflammatory mediator cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), as well as the PAR-2-activated signalling pathways in OA chondrocytes. PAR-2 expression was determined using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and protein levels by immunohistochemistry in normal and OA cartilage. Protein modulation was investigated in OA cartilage explants treated with a specific PAR-2-activating peptide (PAR-2-AP), SLIGKV-NH2 (1 to 400 microM), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta) (100 pg/mL), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) (5 ng/mL), transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta1) (10 ng/mL), or the signalling pathway inhibitors of p38 (SB202190), MEK1/2 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase) (PD98059), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) (SN50), and PAR-2 levels were determined by immunohistochemistry. Signalling pathways were analyzed on OA chondrocytes by Western blot using specific phospho-antibodies against extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2), p38, JNK (c-jun N-terminal kinase), and NF-kappaB in the presence or absence of the PAR-2-AP and/or IL-1beta. PAR-2-induced MMP and COX-2 levels in cartilage were determined by immunohistochemistry. PAR-2 is produced by human chondrocytes and is significantly upregulated in OA compared with normal chondrocytes (p < 0.04 and p < 0.03, respectively). The receptor levels were significantly upregulated by IL-1beta (p < 0.006) and TNF-alpha (p < 0.002) as well as by the PAR-2-AP at 10, 100, and 400 microM (p < 0.02) and were downregulated by the inhibition of p38. After 48 hours of incubation, PAR-2 activation significantly induced MMP-1 and COX-2 starting at 10 microM (both p < 0.005) and MMP-13 at 100 microM (p < 0.02) as well as the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and p38 within 5 minutes of incubation (p < 0.03). Though not statistically significant, IL-1beta produced an additional effect on the activation of Erk1/2 and p38. This study documents, for the first time, functional consequences of PAR-2 activation in human OA cartilage, identifies p38 as the major signalling pathway regulating its synthesis, and demonstrates that specific PAR-2 activation induces Erk1/2 and p38 in OA chondrocytes. These results suggest PAR-2 as a potential new therapeutic target for the treatment of OA.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Centre, Notre-Dame Hospital, 1560 Sherbrooke Street East, Montreal, Quebec, H2L 4M1, Canada. christelle.boileau@umontreal.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18031579

Citation

Boileau, Christelle, et al. "Activation of Proteinase-activated Receptor 2 in Human Osteoarthritic Cartilage Upregulates Catabolic and Proinflammatory Pathways Capable of Inducing Cartilage Degradation: a Basic Science Study." Arthritis Research & Therapy, vol. 9, no. 6, 2007, pp. R121.
Boileau C, Amiable N, Martel-Pelletier J, et al. Activation of proteinase-activated receptor 2 in human osteoarthritic cartilage upregulates catabolic and proinflammatory pathways capable of inducing cartilage degradation: a basic science study. Arthritis Res Ther. 2007;9(6):R121.
Boileau, C., Amiable, N., Martel-Pelletier, J., Fahmi, H., Duval, N., & Pelletier, J. P. (2007). Activation of proteinase-activated receptor 2 in human osteoarthritic cartilage upregulates catabolic and proinflammatory pathways capable of inducing cartilage degradation: a basic science study. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 9(6), R121.
Boileau C, et al. Activation of Proteinase-activated Receptor 2 in Human Osteoarthritic Cartilage Upregulates Catabolic and Proinflammatory Pathways Capable of Inducing Cartilage Degradation: a Basic Science Study. Arthritis Res Ther. 2007;9(6):R121. PubMed PMID: 18031579.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Activation of proteinase-activated receptor 2 in human osteoarthritic cartilage upregulates catabolic and proinflammatory pathways capable of inducing cartilage degradation: a basic science study. AU - Boileau,Christelle, AU - Amiable,Nathalie, AU - Martel-Pelletier,Johanne, AU - Fahmi,Hassan, AU - Duval,Nicolas, AU - Pelletier,Jean-Pierre, PY - 2007/08/07/received PY - 2007/10/09/revised PY - 2007/11/21/accepted PY - 2007/11/23/pubmed PY - 2008/3/13/medline PY - 2007/11/23/entrez SP - R121 EP - R121 JF - Arthritis research & therapy JO - Arthritis Res. Ther. VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - Proteinase-activated receptors (PARs) belong to a family of G protein-coupled receptors. PARs are activated by a serine-dependent cleavage generating a tethered activating ligand. PAR-2 was shown to be involved in inflammatory pathways. We investigated the in situ levels and modulation of PAR-2 in human normal and osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage/chondrocytes. Furthermore, we evaluated the role of PAR-2 on the synthesis of the major catabolic factors in OA cartilage, including metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-13 and the inflammatory mediator cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), as well as the PAR-2-activated signalling pathways in OA chondrocytes. PAR-2 expression was determined using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and protein levels by immunohistochemistry in normal and OA cartilage. Protein modulation was investigated in OA cartilage explants treated with a specific PAR-2-activating peptide (PAR-2-AP), SLIGKV-NH2 (1 to 400 microM), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1beta) (100 pg/mL), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) (5 ng/mL), transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta1) (10 ng/mL), or the signalling pathway inhibitors of p38 (SB202190), MEK1/2 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase) (PD98059), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) (SN50), and PAR-2 levels were determined by immunohistochemistry. Signalling pathways were analyzed on OA chondrocytes by Western blot using specific phospho-antibodies against extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2), p38, JNK (c-jun N-terminal kinase), and NF-kappaB in the presence or absence of the PAR-2-AP and/or IL-1beta. PAR-2-induced MMP and COX-2 levels in cartilage were determined by immunohistochemistry. PAR-2 is produced by human chondrocytes and is significantly upregulated in OA compared with normal chondrocytes (p < 0.04 and p < 0.03, respectively). The receptor levels were significantly upregulated by IL-1beta (p < 0.006) and TNF-alpha (p < 0.002) as well as by the PAR-2-AP at 10, 100, and 400 microM (p < 0.02) and were downregulated by the inhibition of p38. After 48 hours of incubation, PAR-2 activation significantly induced MMP-1 and COX-2 starting at 10 microM (both p < 0.005) and MMP-13 at 100 microM (p < 0.02) as well as the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and p38 within 5 minutes of incubation (p < 0.03). Though not statistically significant, IL-1beta produced an additional effect on the activation of Erk1/2 and p38. This study documents, for the first time, functional consequences of PAR-2 activation in human OA cartilage, identifies p38 as the major signalling pathway regulating its synthesis, and demonstrates that specific PAR-2 activation induces Erk1/2 and p38 in OA chondrocytes. These results suggest PAR-2 as a potential new therapeutic target for the treatment of OA. SN - 1478-6362 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18031579/Activation_of_proteinase_activated_receptor_2_in_human_osteoarthritic_cartilage_upregulates_catabolic_and_proinflammatory_pathways_capable_of_inducing_cartilage_degradation:_a_basic_science_study_ L2 - https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/ar2329 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -