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[Backgrounds for assessing occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust in Poland and worldwide].
Med Pr. 2007; 58(4):327-44.MP

Abstract

Crystalline silica is an agent harmful to human health, and quite frequently present in occupational environments. Occupational groups exposed to crystalline silica dust include mostly workers of the mineral and coal mining as well as metallurgical, chemical and construction industries. In the European Union (EU), the number of those exposed to this agent is estimated at over 2 million persons. In Poland, the number of people employed under conditions of excessive silica dust exposure exceeds 50 thousand. The assessment of occupational exposure to crystalline silica comprises several steps: primarily workplace determinations, quantitative sample analyses and comparisons of the obtained results with admissible values. This work describes a set of instruments that enables direct comparison of the study results with admissible values binding in almost 40 countries. It also highlights the consequences resulting from the classification of quartz and cristobalite, the most common forms of crystalline silica, as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). A survey of air sampling and dust determination methods used in various countries to measure airborne dust concentrations of crystalline silica in occupational environments are presented along with relevant tables. The GESTIS data base, specifying the methods considered by EU as suitable for measuring and assessing harmful agents, was used as the selection criterion. Particular attention was paid to the methods used to determine crystalline silica; the effect of analytical methods applied, sample preparation procedures, and reference materials on the results of determinations was also analyzed. Main parameters of method validation, such as detection and determination limits, and precision of the analysis were compared.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Zakład Srodowiskowych Zagrozeń Zdrowia, Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera, Łódź. altema@imp.lodz.pl

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

pol

PubMed ID

18041202

Citation

Maciejewska, Aleksandra. "[Backgrounds for Assessing Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica Dust in Poland and Worldwide]." Medycyna Pracy, vol. 58, no. 4, 2007, pp. 327-44.
Maciejewska A. [Backgrounds for assessing occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust in Poland and worldwide]. Med Pr. 2007;58(4):327-44.
Maciejewska, A. (2007). [Backgrounds for assessing occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust in Poland and worldwide]. Medycyna Pracy, 58(4), 327-44.
Maciejewska A. [Backgrounds for Assessing Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica Dust in Poland and Worldwide]. Med Pr. 2007;58(4):327-44. PubMed PMID: 18041202.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Backgrounds for assessing occupational exposure to crystalline silica dust in Poland and worldwide]. A1 - Maciejewska,Aleksandra, PY - 2007/11/29/pubmed PY - 2008/1/4/medline PY - 2007/11/29/entrez SP - 327 EP - 44 JF - Medycyna pracy JO - Med Pr VL - 58 IS - 4 N2 - Crystalline silica is an agent harmful to human health, and quite frequently present in occupational environments. Occupational groups exposed to crystalline silica dust include mostly workers of the mineral and coal mining as well as metallurgical, chemical and construction industries. In the European Union (EU), the number of those exposed to this agent is estimated at over 2 million persons. In Poland, the number of people employed under conditions of excessive silica dust exposure exceeds 50 thousand. The assessment of occupational exposure to crystalline silica comprises several steps: primarily workplace determinations, quantitative sample analyses and comparisons of the obtained results with admissible values. This work describes a set of instruments that enables direct comparison of the study results with admissible values binding in almost 40 countries. It also highlights the consequences resulting from the classification of quartz and cristobalite, the most common forms of crystalline silica, as carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). A survey of air sampling and dust determination methods used in various countries to measure airborne dust concentrations of crystalline silica in occupational environments are presented along with relevant tables. The GESTIS data base, specifying the methods considered by EU as suitable for measuring and assessing harmful agents, was used as the selection criterion. Particular attention was paid to the methods used to determine crystalline silica; the effect of analytical methods applied, sample preparation procedures, and reference materials on the results of determinations was also analyzed. Main parameters of method validation, such as detection and determination limits, and precision of the analysis were compared. SN - 0465-5893 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18041202/[Backgrounds_for_assessing_occupational_exposure_to_crystalline_silica_dust_in_Poland_and_worldwide]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/occupationalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -