Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Reduction of abdominal fat and chronic disease factors by lifestyle change in migrant Asian Indians older than 50 years.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2007; 16(4):671-6AP

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a group diet and physical activity intervention on body composition, blood lipid profile and insulin resistance in migrant Asian Indian volunteers. Total body and abdominal fat, waist girth, serum glucose, insulin and lipids were measured one month before and immediately prior to an intervention designed to encourage increased physical activity and improved diet. Measurements were repeated after a 5-month period of altered exercise and dietary habits. Over this period monthly group education sessions were held on diet and physical activity and the importance of lifestyle changes to reduce risk factors for chronic disease. Forty one (21M, 20F) volunteers (aged > 50 y) were recruited from Asian Indian community groups in urban Auckland, New Zealand. Body weight, total and percentage body fat, waist girth and abdominal fat decreased in men following the intervention (p < 0.006) while these changes were not statistically significant in women. In both men and women high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels increased and LDL and total cholesterol/HDL ratio decreased (p < 0.002) without changes in serum glucose, insulin and triglycerides. Reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure was associated with an increase in HDL cholesterol in women (r = 0.63, p = 0.003, r = 0.48, p = 0.03) but not in men (r = 0.09, p = 0.69, r = 0.04, p = 0.86). Over a five month period, an Asian Indian community group diet and physical activity intervention resulted in significant reductions in total and abdominal body fat and blood lipid risk factors but not in insulin sensitivity or resistance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland, New Zealand. elaine.rush@aut.ac.nz

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18042527

Citation

Rush, Elaine C., et al. "Reduction of Abdominal Fat and Chronic Disease Factors By Lifestyle Change in Migrant Asian Indians Older Than 50 Years." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 4, 2007, pp. 671-6.
Rush EC, Chandu V, Plank LD. Reduction of abdominal fat and chronic disease factors by lifestyle change in migrant Asian Indians older than 50 years. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(4):671-6.
Rush, E. C., Chandu, V., & Plank, L. D. (2007). Reduction of abdominal fat and chronic disease factors by lifestyle change in migrant Asian Indians older than 50 years. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16(4), pp. 671-6.
Rush EC, Chandu V, Plank LD. Reduction of Abdominal Fat and Chronic Disease Factors By Lifestyle Change in Migrant Asian Indians Older Than 50 Years. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2007;16(4):671-6. PubMed PMID: 18042527.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reduction of abdominal fat and chronic disease factors by lifestyle change in migrant Asian Indians older than 50 years. AU - Rush,Elaine C, AU - Chandu,Vishnu, AU - Plank,Lindsay D, PY - 2007/11/29/pubmed PY - 2008/2/5/medline PY - 2007/11/29/entrez SP - 671 EP - 6 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 16 IS - 4 N2 - The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a group diet and physical activity intervention on body composition, blood lipid profile and insulin resistance in migrant Asian Indian volunteers. Total body and abdominal fat, waist girth, serum glucose, insulin and lipids were measured one month before and immediately prior to an intervention designed to encourage increased physical activity and improved diet. Measurements were repeated after a 5-month period of altered exercise and dietary habits. Over this period monthly group education sessions were held on diet and physical activity and the importance of lifestyle changes to reduce risk factors for chronic disease. Forty one (21M, 20F) volunteers (aged > 50 y) were recruited from Asian Indian community groups in urban Auckland, New Zealand. Body weight, total and percentage body fat, waist girth and abdominal fat decreased in men following the intervention (p < 0.006) while these changes were not statistically significant in women. In both men and women high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels increased and LDL and total cholesterol/HDL ratio decreased (p < 0.002) without changes in serum glucose, insulin and triglycerides. Reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure was associated with an increase in HDL cholesterol in women (r = 0.63, p = 0.003, r = 0.48, p = 0.03) but not in men (r = 0.09, p = 0.69, r = 0.04, p = 0.86). Over a five month period, an Asian Indian community group diet and physical activity intervention resulted in significant reductions in total and abdominal body fat and blood lipid risk factors but not in insulin sensitivity or resistance. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18042527/Reduction_of_abdominal_fat_and_chronic_disease_factors_by_lifestyle_change_in_migrant_Asian_Indians_older_than_50_years_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/16/4/671.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -