[Modern prevention strategies of cervical cancer].Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2007; 29(5):575-8ZY
Cervical cancer is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract. Its incidence is still increasing with lower average onset age. Mass screening should be above prevention and treatment, and three screening programs, including the optimal program, the general program, and the basic program, are currently adopted in China. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) , a precancerous lesion, can be confirmed by the combined use of cytology, colposcopy, and histology and then managed with standardized approach. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is an essential factor during the development of cervical cancer, and persistent infection of high-risk HPVs may lead to CIN and subsequently develop to cervical cancer. High-risk HPV detection can be used for screening, differentiation of the atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance/ low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASCUS/LSIL) triage, and follow-up after treatment. The modern strategy of HPV infection is "to treat the disease, CIN, means to treat the virus, HPV". The licensing of HPV vaccine is an important event in cancer prevention, and this vaccine can be used for the primary prevention. However, early diagnosis and early treatment are still the most basic strategies for cervical cancer prevention and treatment.