Determination of aldosterone in serum by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2008 Feb 01; 862(1-2):113-8.JC
Measurement of serum aldosterone is clinically important in the diagnosis of hypertension. While isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ID-GC-MS) provides reliable results, it requires derivatization and is lengthy and time-consuming. Detection by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) is a potentially superior method. The analysis utilizes 0.5mL of serum. The samples were extracted with dichloromethane-ether. The extract was evaporated to dryness and aldosterone was analyzed by LC-MS/MS operating in the negative mode ESI after separation on a reversed-phase column. Aldosterone was also measured by RIA. The calibration curves for analysis of serum aldosterone exhibited consistent linearity and reproducibility in the range of 60-3000pmol/L. Interassay CVs were 4.3-7.5% at aldosterone concentrations of 97-993pmol/L. The lower limit of quantitation (LOQ) was 30pmol/L (signal to noise ratio=10). The mean recovery of the analyte added to serum ranged from 95 to 102%. The regression equation by LC-MS/MS (x) and RIA (y) method was: y=1.33x+185 (r=0.95; n=124). Sensitivity and specificity of the LC-MS/MS method for serum aldosterone offer advantages over GC-MS by eliminating derivatization. The novel method is rapid, reliable and simple to perform with a routine LC-MS/MS spectrometer. The sensitivity is adequate for patient samples. Aldosterone concentrations reported by nonextraction RIA were consistently higher than those produced by LC-MS/MS.