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A comparison of problem-based and traditional education on nursing students' critical thinking dispositions.
Nurse Educ Today. 2008 Jul; 28(5):627-32.NE

Abstract

Determining the critical thinking (CT) levels of students in undergraduate nursing schools is important in terms of establishing the methods of education that should be used. Although there is some evidence that active learning approaches like problem-based learning are effective in developing CT, the findings are inconclusive. This descriptive analytic study compared levels of critical thinking among senior nursing students (N=147) in two educational programs, one of which used a problem-based learning (PBL) model while the other used a traditional model. The California critical thinking disposition inventory (CCTDI) was used as a data collection tool. Comparisons between the groups were made using t-test analysis. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the critical thinking disposition scores of the seniors in the PBL school and those in the school implementing the traditional model. Analysis of sub-scale scores showed significant differences in truth-seeking and open-mindedness. These findings add to the evidence that the active and self-directed nature of PBL encourages students' ability to think critically, be tolerant of the ideas of others and evaluate conflicting information before reaching a conclusion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dokuz Eylul Universitesi, Hemsirelik Yuksekokulu, Inciralti 35340, Izmir, Turkiye. candan.ozturk@deu.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18054412

Citation

Ozturk, Candan, et al. "A Comparison of Problem-based and Traditional Education On Nursing Students' Critical Thinking Dispositions." Nurse Education Today, vol. 28, no. 5, 2008, pp. 627-32.
Ozturk C, Muslu GK, Dicle A. A comparison of problem-based and traditional education on nursing students' critical thinking dispositions. Nurse Educ Today. 2008;28(5):627-32.
Ozturk, C., Muslu, G. K., & Dicle, A. (2008). A comparison of problem-based and traditional education on nursing students' critical thinking dispositions. Nurse Education Today, 28(5), 627-32.
Ozturk C, Muslu GK, Dicle A. A Comparison of Problem-based and Traditional Education On Nursing Students' Critical Thinking Dispositions. Nurse Educ Today. 2008;28(5):627-32. PubMed PMID: 18054412.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of problem-based and traditional education on nursing students' critical thinking dispositions. AU - Ozturk,Candan, AU - Muslu,Gonca Karayagiz, AU - Dicle,Aklime, Y1 - 2007/12/03/ PY - 2007/05/03/received PY - 2007/10/24/accepted PY - 2007/12/7/pubmed PY - 2008/9/10/medline PY - 2007/12/7/entrez SP - 627 EP - 32 JF - Nurse education today JO - Nurse Educ Today VL - 28 IS - 5 N2 - Determining the critical thinking (CT) levels of students in undergraduate nursing schools is important in terms of establishing the methods of education that should be used. Although there is some evidence that active learning approaches like problem-based learning are effective in developing CT, the findings are inconclusive. This descriptive analytic study compared levels of critical thinking among senior nursing students (N=147) in two educational programs, one of which used a problem-based learning (PBL) model while the other used a traditional model. The California critical thinking disposition inventory (CCTDI) was used as a data collection tool. Comparisons between the groups were made using t-test analysis. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the critical thinking disposition scores of the seniors in the PBL school and those in the school implementing the traditional model. Analysis of sub-scale scores showed significant differences in truth-seeking and open-mindedness. These findings add to the evidence that the active and self-directed nature of PBL encourages students' ability to think critically, be tolerant of the ideas of others and evaluate conflicting information before reaching a conclusion. SN - 0260-6917 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18054412/A_comparison_of_problem_based_and_traditional_education_on_nursing_students'_critical_thinking_dispositions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0260-6917(07)00152-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -