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A common founder mutation of CERKL underlies autosomal recessive retinal degeneration with early macular involvement among Yemenite Jews.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Dec; 48(12):5431-8.IO

Abstract

PURPOSE

To investigate the genetic basis and clinical manifestations of a characteristic form of retinal degeneration in the Yemenite Jewish population.

METHODS

Haplotype analysis for all known genes and loci underlying autosomal recessive nonsyndromic retinal degeneration was performed in a Yemenite Jewish family segregating autosomal recessive severe retinal degeneration. The causative mutation was detected by direct sequencing of the underlying gene, and its prevalence in additional affected and unaffected Yemenite Jews was determined. Patients who were homozygous for this mutation underwent ophthalmic evaluation, including funduscopy, electroretinography, electro-oculography, perimetry, and color vision testing.

RESULTS

In the studied Yemenite Jewish family, we found evidence for linkage to the CERKL gene. Direct sequencing revealed a novel homozygous splice-site mutation, c.238+1G>A. An in vitro splicing assay demonstrated that this mutation leads to incorrect splicing. c.238+1G>A was found to cause retinal degeneration in six additional Yemenite Jewish families. The carrier frequency of this mutation in the Yemenite Jewish population is 4.4%. All c.238+1G>A homozygotes manifest widespread progressive impairment of rod and cone function with early macular involvement.

CONCLUSIONS

c.238+1G>A is the second reported mutation of CERKL and is a prevalent founder mutation that underlies approximately 33% of autosomal recessive retinal degeneration cases in the Yemenite Jewish population. It is associated with a characteristic retinal degeneration phenotype with early macular involvement, concomitant progression of rod and cone impairment, and characteristic fundus findings. The identification of this mutation and phenotype will facilitate molecular diagnosis, carrier screening, and genetic counseling in the Yemenite Jewish population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Genetics, The Rappaport Family Institute for Research in the Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18055789

Citation

Auslender, Noa, et al. "A Common Founder Mutation of CERKL Underlies Autosomal Recessive Retinal Degeneration With Early Macular Involvement Among Yemenite Jews." Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 48, no. 12, 2007, pp. 5431-8.
Auslender N, Sharon D, Abbasi AH, et al. A common founder mutation of CERKL underlies autosomal recessive retinal degeneration with early macular involvement among Yemenite Jews. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007;48(12):5431-8.
Auslender, N., Sharon, D., Abbasi, A. H., Garzozi, H. J., Banin, E., & Ben-Yosef, T. (2007). A common founder mutation of CERKL underlies autosomal recessive retinal degeneration with early macular involvement among Yemenite Jews. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 48(12), 5431-8.
Auslender N, et al. A Common Founder Mutation of CERKL Underlies Autosomal Recessive Retinal Degeneration With Early Macular Involvement Among Yemenite Jews. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007;48(12):5431-8. PubMed PMID: 18055789.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A common founder mutation of CERKL underlies autosomal recessive retinal degeneration with early macular involvement among Yemenite Jews. AU - Auslender,Noa, AU - Sharon,Dror, AU - Abbasi,Anan H, AU - Garzozi,Hanna J, AU - Banin,Eyal, AU - Ben-Yosef,Tamar, PY - 2007/12/7/pubmed PY - 2008/1/30/medline PY - 2007/12/7/entrez SP - 5431 EP - 8 JF - Investigative ophthalmology & visual science JO - Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. VL - 48 IS - 12 N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the genetic basis and clinical manifestations of a characteristic form of retinal degeneration in the Yemenite Jewish population. METHODS: Haplotype analysis for all known genes and loci underlying autosomal recessive nonsyndromic retinal degeneration was performed in a Yemenite Jewish family segregating autosomal recessive severe retinal degeneration. The causative mutation was detected by direct sequencing of the underlying gene, and its prevalence in additional affected and unaffected Yemenite Jews was determined. Patients who were homozygous for this mutation underwent ophthalmic evaluation, including funduscopy, electroretinography, electro-oculography, perimetry, and color vision testing. RESULTS: In the studied Yemenite Jewish family, we found evidence for linkage to the CERKL gene. Direct sequencing revealed a novel homozygous splice-site mutation, c.238+1G>A. An in vitro splicing assay demonstrated that this mutation leads to incorrect splicing. c.238+1G>A was found to cause retinal degeneration in six additional Yemenite Jewish families. The carrier frequency of this mutation in the Yemenite Jewish population is 4.4%. All c.238+1G>A homozygotes manifest widespread progressive impairment of rod and cone function with early macular involvement. CONCLUSIONS: c.238+1G>A is the second reported mutation of CERKL and is a prevalent founder mutation that underlies approximately 33% of autosomal recessive retinal degeneration cases in the Yemenite Jewish population. It is associated with a characteristic retinal degeneration phenotype with early macular involvement, concomitant progression of rod and cone impairment, and characteristic fundus findings. The identification of this mutation and phenotype will facilitate molecular diagnosis, carrier screening, and genetic counseling in the Yemenite Jewish population. SN - 0146-0404 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18055789/A_common_founder_mutation_of_CERKL_underlies_autosomal_recessive_retinal_degeneration_with_early_macular_involvement_among_Yemenite_Jews_ L2 - http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1167/iovs.07-0736 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -