Diagnostic capability of scanning laser polarimetry with variable cornea compensator in Indian patients with early primary open-angle glaucoma.Ophthalmology. 2008 Jul; 115(7):1167-1172.e1.O
To evaluate the diagnostic ability of scanning laser polarimetry (GDx variable corneal compensator [VCC]) for early glaucoma in Asian Indian eyes.
Cross-sectional observational study.
Two groups of patients (early glaucoma and normal) who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included. Early glaucoma was diagnosed in presence of open angles, characteristic glaucomatous optic disc changes correlating with the visual field (VF) on automated perimetry (VF defect fulfilling at least 2 of 3 Anderson and Patella's criteria with mean deviation >or= -6 decibels). Normal subjects had visual acuity >or= 20/30 and intraocular pressure < 22 mmHg, with a normal optic disc and fields and no ocular abnormality.
All patients underwent complete ophthalmic evaluation, including VF examination (24-2/30-2 Swedish interactive threshold algorithm standard program) and imaging with GDx VCC.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value, area under the receiving operating characteristic curve, and likelihood ratios (LRs) were calculated for various GDx VCC parameters.
Seventy-four eyes (74 patients) with early glaucoma and 104 eyes (104 normal subjects) were enrolled. TSNIT Std Dev (temporal-superior-nasal-inferior-temporal standard deviation) had the best combination of sensitivity and specificity-61.3 and 95.2, respectively-followed by nerve fiber index score > 50 (sensitivity, 52.7%; specificity, 99%). Nerve fiber index score > 50 had positive and negative predictive values of 74.3% and 97.6%, respectively, for an assumed glaucoma prevalence of 5%. Nerve fiber index score > 50 had a positive LR (+LR) of 54.8 for early glaucoma.
GDx VCC has moderate sensitivity, with high specificity, in the diagnosis of early glaucoma. The high +LR for the nerve fiber index score can provide valuable diagnostic information for individual patients.