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The time course of social-emotional processing in early childhood: ERP responses to facial affect and personal familiarity in a Go-Nogo task.
Neuropsychologia. 2008 Jan 31; 46(2):595-613.N

Abstract

To date, little is known about the neural underpinnings of social-emotional processes in young children. The present study investigated the time course of children's ERP responses to facial expression and personal familiarity, and the effect of these variables on ERP measures of effortful attention in a Go-Nogo task. Dense-array EEG was collected from 48 4-6-year-old children who were presented with pictures of their mothers' and strangers' happy and angry faces. ERPs were scored following face presentation and following a subsequent cue signaling a Go or Nogo response. Responses to face presentation showed early perceptual components that were larger following strangers' faces, suggesting facilitated rapid processing of personally important faces. A mid-latency frontocentral negativity was greatest following angry mothers' faces, indicating increased attentional monitoring and/or recognition memory evoked by an angry parent. Finally a right-lateralized late positive component was largest following angry faces, suggesting extended processing of negatively valenced social stimuli in general. Following the Go-Nogo response cue, a right-lateralized mid-latency negativity thought to measure effortful attention was larger in Nogo than Go trials, and following angry than happy faces, possibly reflecting increased effortful control required in those conditions. The present study suggests that overlapping but differentiated networks for both rapid and elaborative processing of important socio-affective information are established by 4-6 years. Moreover, the extended spatial and temporal distribution of components suggests a pattern of response to social stimuli in which more rapid processes may index personal familiarity, whereas temporally extended processes are sensitive to affective valence on both familiar and unfamiliar faces.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Human Development and Applied Psychology. Ontario Institute for Studies in Education,University of Toronto, Canada. rtodd@oise.utoronto.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18061633

Citation

Todd, Rebecca M., et al. "The Time Course of Social-emotional Processing in Early Childhood: ERP Responses to Facial Affect and Personal Familiarity in a Go-Nogo Task." Neuropsychologia, vol. 46, no. 2, 2008, pp. 595-613.
Todd RM, Lewis MD, Meusel LA, et al. The time course of social-emotional processing in early childhood: ERP responses to facial affect and personal familiarity in a Go-Nogo task. Neuropsychologia. 2008;46(2):595-613.
Todd, R. M., Lewis, M. D., Meusel, L. A., & Zelazo, P. D. (2008). The time course of social-emotional processing in early childhood: ERP responses to facial affect and personal familiarity in a Go-Nogo task. Neuropsychologia, 46(2), 595-613.
Todd RM, et al. The Time Course of Social-emotional Processing in Early Childhood: ERP Responses to Facial Affect and Personal Familiarity in a Go-Nogo Task. Neuropsychologia. 2008 Jan 31;46(2):595-613. PubMed PMID: 18061633.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The time course of social-emotional processing in early childhood: ERP responses to facial affect and personal familiarity in a Go-Nogo task. AU - Todd,Rebecca M, AU - Lewis,Marc D, AU - Meusel,Liesel-Ann, AU - Zelazo,Philip David, Y1 - 2007/10/23/ PY - 2007/05/08/received PY - 2007/09/14/revised PY - 2007/10/06/accepted PY - 2007/12/7/pubmed PY - 2008/5/3/medline PY - 2007/12/7/entrez SP - 595 EP - 613 JF - Neuropsychologia JO - Neuropsychologia VL - 46 IS - 2 N2 - To date, little is known about the neural underpinnings of social-emotional processes in young children. The present study investigated the time course of children's ERP responses to facial expression and personal familiarity, and the effect of these variables on ERP measures of effortful attention in a Go-Nogo task. Dense-array EEG was collected from 48 4-6-year-old children who were presented with pictures of their mothers' and strangers' happy and angry faces. ERPs were scored following face presentation and following a subsequent cue signaling a Go or Nogo response. Responses to face presentation showed early perceptual components that were larger following strangers' faces, suggesting facilitated rapid processing of personally important faces. A mid-latency frontocentral negativity was greatest following angry mothers' faces, indicating increased attentional monitoring and/or recognition memory evoked by an angry parent. Finally a right-lateralized late positive component was largest following angry faces, suggesting extended processing of negatively valenced social stimuli in general. Following the Go-Nogo response cue, a right-lateralized mid-latency negativity thought to measure effortful attention was larger in Nogo than Go trials, and following angry than happy faces, possibly reflecting increased effortful control required in those conditions. The present study suggests that overlapping but differentiated networks for both rapid and elaborative processing of important socio-affective information are established by 4-6 years. Moreover, the extended spatial and temporal distribution of components suggests a pattern of response to social stimuli in which more rapid processes may index personal familiarity, whereas temporally extended processes are sensitive to affective valence on both familiar and unfamiliar faces. SN - 0028-3932 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18061633/The_time_course_of_social_emotional_processing_in_early_childhood:_ERP_responses_to_facial_affect_and_personal_familiarity_in_a_Go_Nogo_task_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0028-3932(07)00352-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -