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Specific symptoms predict suicidal ideation in Vietnam combat veterans with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder.
Mil Med. 2007 Nov; 172(11):1144-7.MM

Abstract

Previous research documented the elevated risk of suicide and suicidal ideation among Vietnam veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of the current study was to examine which Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, PTSD symptom clusters are most associated with suicidal ideation in this population. Fifty Vietnam combat veterans enrolled in treatment for PTSD responded to the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation and were interviewed with the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. In linear regression analysis, it was found that the reexperiencing symptom cluster was significantly associated with suicidal ideation but the other two symptom clusters (avoidance/numbing and increased arousal) were not. Furthermore, scores on a measure of severity of combat exposure were not found to be significantly related to PTSD symptoms or suicidal ideation. The results of this study suggest the importance of reexperiencing symptoms for predicting which individuals with combat-related PTSD are most at risk for suicidal ideation and behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial VA Medical Center, Psychology Service, Bedford, MA 01730-1198, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18062386

Citation

Bell, Jordan B., and Ella C. Nye. "Specific Symptoms Predict Suicidal Ideation in Vietnam Combat Veterans With Chronic Post-traumatic Stress Disorder." Military Medicine, vol. 172, no. 11, 2007, pp. 1144-7.
Bell JB, Nye EC. Specific symptoms predict suicidal ideation in Vietnam combat veterans with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. Mil Med. 2007;172(11):1144-7.
Bell, J. B., & Nye, E. C. (2007). Specific symptoms predict suicidal ideation in Vietnam combat veterans with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. Military Medicine, 172(11), 1144-7.
Bell JB, Nye EC. Specific Symptoms Predict Suicidal Ideation in Vietnam Combat Veterans With Chronic Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Mil Med. 2007;172(11):1144-7. PubMed PMID: 18062386.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Specific symptoms predict suicidal ideation in Vietnam combat veterans with chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. AU - Bell,Jordan B, AU - Nye,Ella C, PY - 2007/12/8/pubmed PY - 2008/1/9/medline PY - 2007/12/8/entrez SP - 1144 EP - 7 JF - Military medicine JO - Mil Med VL - 172 IS - 11 N2 - Previous research documented the elevated risk of suicide and suicidal ideation among Vietnam veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of the current study was to examine which Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, PTSD symptom clusters are most associated with suicidal ideation in this population. Fifty Vietnam combat veterans enrolled in treatment for PTSD responded to the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation and were interviewed with the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. In linear regression analysis, it was found that the reexperiencing symptom cluster was significantly associated with suicidal ideation but the other two symptom clusters (avoidance/numbing and increased arousal) were not. Furthermore, scores on a measure of severity of combat exposure were not found to be significantly related to PTSD symptoms or suicidal ideation. The results of this study suggest the importance of reexperiencing symptoms for predicting which individuals with combat-related PTSD are most at risk for suicidal ideation and behavior. SN - 0026-4075 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18062386/Specific_symptoms_predict_suicidal_ideation_in_Vietnam_combat_veterans_with_chronic_post_traumatic_stress_disorder_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/milmed/article-lookup/doi/10.7205/milmed.172.11.1144 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -