Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

First nationwide survey of prevalence of overweight, underweight, and abdominal obesity in Iranian adults.
Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007; 15(11):2797-808O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The goal was to estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, underweight, and abdominal obesity among the adult population of Iran.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from December 2004 to February 2005. The selection was conducted by stratified probability cluster sampling through household family members in Iran. Weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) of 89,404 men and women 15 to 65 years of age (mean, 39.2 years) were measured. The criteria for underweight, normal-weight, overweight, and Class I, II, and III obesity were BMI <18.5, 18.5 to 24.9, 25 to 29.9, 30 to 34.9, 35 to 39.9, and >or=40 (kg/m(2)), respectively. Abdominal obesity was defined as WC >or=102 cm in men and >or=88 cm in women.

RESULTS

The age-adjusted means for BMI and WC were 24.6 kg/m(2) in men and 26.5 kg/m(2) in women and 86.6 cm in men and 89.6 cm in women, respectively. The age-adjusted prevalence of overweight or obesity (BMI >or=25) was 42.8% in men and 57.0% in women; 11.1% of men and 25.2% of women were obese (BMI >or=30), while 6.3% of men and 5.2% of women were underweight. Age, low physical activity, low educational attainment, marriage, and residence in urban areas were strongly associated with obesity. Abdominal obesity was more common among women than men (54.5% vs. 12.9%) and greater with older age.

DISCUSSION

Excess body weight appears to be common in Iran. More women than men present with overweight and abdominal obesity. Prevention and treatment strategies are urgently needed to address the health burden of obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. janghorbani@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18070771

Citation

Janghorbani, Mohsen, et al. "First Nationwide Survey of Prevalence of Overweight, Underweight, and Abdominal Obesity in Iranian Adults." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 15, no. 11, 2007, pp. 2797-808.
Janghorbani M, Amini M, Willett WC, et al. First nationwide survey of prevalence of overweight, underweight, and abdominal obesity in Iranian adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(11):2797-808.
Janghorbani, M., Amini, M., Willett, W. C., Mehdi Gouya, M., Delavari, A., Alikhani, S., & Mahdavi, A. (2007). First nationwide survey of prevalence of overweight, underweight, and abdominal obesity in Iranian adults. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 15(11), pp. 2797-808.
Janghorbani M, et al. First Nationwide Survey of Prevalence of Overweight, Underweight, and Abdominal Obesity in Iranian Adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2007;15(11):2797-808. PubMed PMID: 18070771.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - First nationwide survey of prevalence of overweight, underweight, and abdominal obesity in Iranian adults. AU - Janghorbani,Mohsen, AU - Amini,Masoud, AU - Willett,Walter C, AU - Mehdi Gouya,Mohammad, AU - Delavari,Alireza, AU - Alikhani,Siamak, AU - Mahdavi,Alireza, PY - 2007/12/12/pubmed PY - 2008/4/11/medline PY - 2007/12/12/entrez SP - 2797 EP - 808 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 15 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The goal was to estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, underweight, and abdominal obesity among the adult population of Iran. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted from December 2004 to February 2005. The selection was conducted by stratified probability cluster sampling through household family members in Iran. Weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) of 89,404 men and women 15 to 65 years of age (mean, 39.2 years) were measured. The criteria for underweight, normal-weight, overweight, and Class I, II, and III obesity were BMI <18.5, 18.5 to 24.9, 25 to 29.9, 30 to 34.9, 35 to 39.9, and >or=40 (kg/m(2)), respectively. Abdominal obesity was defined as WC >or=102 cm in men and >or=88 cm in women. RESULTS: The age-adjusted means for BMI and WC were 24.6 kg/m(2) in men and 26.5 kg/m(2) in women and 86.6 cm in men and 89.6 cm in women, respectively. The age-adjusted prevalence of overweight or obesity (BMI >or=25) was 42.8% in men and 57.0% in women; 11.1% of men and 25.2% of women were obese (BMI >or=30), while 6.3% of men and 5.2% of women were underweight. Age, low physical activity, low educational attainment, marriage, and residence in urban areas were strongly associated with obesity. Abdominal obesity was more common among women than men (54.5% vs. 12.9%) and greater with older age. DISCUSSION: Excess body weight appears to be common in Iran. More women than men present with overweight and abdominal obesity. Prevention and treatment strategies are urgently needed to address the health burden of obesity. SN - 1930-7381 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18070771/First_nationwide_survey_of_prevalence_of_overweight_underweight_and_abdominal_obesity_in_Iranian_adults_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.332 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -