Rapid screening of anthocyanins in berry samples by surfactant-mediated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2008; 22(2):156-64.RC
Surfactant-mediated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) has been used for the identification of flavonoids from three berry extracts: lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium), lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), and blackberry (Rubus armeniacus). The addition of the surfactant led to suppression of matrix ions from both alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (CHCA) and 2',4',6'-trihydroxyacetophenone (THAP). This is the first case of this method being successfully employed with a matrix other than CHCA. It was observed that CHCA led to a great deal of fragmentation of the sugar moiety from glycosides, whereas THAP produced more intact glycoside molecules, and thus leads to better characterization of the flavonoids in a berry sample. The flavonoids were characterized and quantified by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS) with UV detection. Although MALDI-TOF-MS did not lead to the identification of as many flavonoids, it did enable us to identify many anthocyanin glycosides. Quantification was achieved and demonstrated that use of the THAP matrix can enable quantification of the intact glycosides with relative standard deviation (RSD) values of less than 10% with surfactant addition. These results are comparable with LC results. MALDI-TOF-MS with THAP matrix thus provided a rapid method for the qualitative screening of these compounds. It took only a few minutes, greatly reducing the analysis time from that in traditional LC/MS methods.