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Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland.
J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Jan 09; 56(1):190-6.JA

Abstract

The berries of Vaccinium myrtillus L. are characterized by 15 anthocyanins. To study the variation in the anthocyanins on a south-north axis of about 1000 km in Finland, the berries from 179 individual bilberry plants in 20 populations were analyzed using an optimized RP-HPLC-DAD method. The mean content of the total anthocyanins was 2878 mg/100 g dry weight. There was extensive variation in the anthocyanin contents within and between the populations, suggesting differences in berry raw material. A significantly lower content of the total anthocyanins was observed in the berries of the southern region compared to those in the central and northern regions. Differences in the proportions of anthocyanins were also observed. The delphinidin glycosides dominated in the northern berries whereas the cyanidin glycosides were most common in the southern ones. Exceptional bilberry individuals were found mainly from eastern Finland with very low amounts of anthocyanidin glucosides. This is the first systematic study to reveal the extremely high variation in the content and distribution of anthocyanins in wild bilberries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Science, University of Kuopio, FIN-70211, Kuopio, Finland. Anja.Latti@uku.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18072741

Citation

Lätti, Anja K., et al. "Analysis of Anthocyanin Variation in Wild Populations of Bilberry (Vaccinium Myrtillus L.) in Finland." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 56, no. 1, 2008, pp. 190-6.
Lätti AK, Riihinen KR, Kainulainen PS. Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56(1):190-6.
Lätti, A. K., Riihinen, K. R., & Kainulainen, P. S. (2008). Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56(1), 190-6.
Lätti AK, Riihinen KR, Kainulainen PS. Analysis of Anthocyanin Variation in Wild Populations of Bilberry (Vaccinium Myrtillus L.) in Finland. J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Jan 9;56(1):190-6. PubMed PMID: 18072741.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland. AU - Lätti,Anja K, AU - Riihinen,Kaisu R, AU - Kainulainen,Pirjo S, Y1 - 2007/12/12/ PY - 2007/12/13/pubmed PY - 2008/3/7/medline PY - 2007/12/13/entrez SP - 190 EP - 6 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 56 IS - 1 N2 - The berries of Vaccinium myrtillus L. are characterized by 15 anthocyanins. To study the variation in the anthocyanins on a south-north axis of about 1000 km in Finland, the berries from 179 individual bilberry plants in 20 populations were analyzed using an optimized RP-HPLC-DAD method. The mean content of the total anthocyanins was 2878 mg/100 g dry weight. There was extensive variation in the anthocyanin contents within and between the populations, suggesting differences in berry raw material. A significantly lower content of the total anthocyanins was observed in the berries of the southern region compared to those in the central and northern regions. Differences in the proportions of anthocyanins were also observed. The delphinidin glycosides dominated in the northern berries whereas the cyanidin glycosides were most common in the southern ones. Exceptional bilberry individuals were found mainly from eastern Finland with very low amounts of anthocyanidin glucosides. This is the first systematic study to reveal the extremely high variation in the content and distribution of anthocyanins in wild bilberries. SN - 0021-8561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18072741/Analysis_of_anthocyanin_variation_in_wild_populations_of_bilberry__Vaccinium_myrtillus_L___in_Finland_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -