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Linear growth in relation to the circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I, parathyroid hormone, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in children with nutritional rickets before and after treatment: endocrine adaptation to vitamin D deficiency.
Metabolism 2008; 57(1):95-102M

Abstract

The objective of the study was to determine the degree of linear growth retardation of patients with vitamin D deficiency rickets at presentation and the magnitude of catch-up growth in relation to their calcium (Ca) homeostasis and hormones affecting it before and after treatment. This prospective study recorded the anthropometric data and measured the circulating 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH-D), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), parathyroid hormone, Ca, phosphate, and alkaline phosphatase concentrations in 46 infants and children with nutritional (vitamin D deficiency) rickets before and 6 months or more after treatment with one intramuscular injection of vitamin D3 megadose (300000 IU). Forty normal age- and sex-matched children were included as controls for the auxological data. At presentation, patients' mean age = 13.1 +/- 1.1 months, length standard deviation scores (LSDS) = -1.5 +/- 0.2, and body mass index = 16.3 +/- 0.85. They were significantly shorter and had markedly lower growth velocity standard deviation scores (GVSDS) compared with normal controls (LSDS = 0.25 +/- 0.18 and 0.31 +/- 0.22, respectively). Six months after treatment, the LSDS increased significantly in patients to -0.45 +/- 0.13, with a significantly increased GVSDS (2.76 +/- 0.45) and body mass index (16.9 +/- 0.65). They were still shorter but with significantly higher GVSDS compared with normal controls. Serum Ca and phosphate concentrations increased from 2.07 +/- 0.25 and 1.23 +/- 0.24 mmol/L, respectively, before treatment to 2.44 +/- 0.2 and 1.94 +/- 0.2 mmol/L, respectively, after treatment. Serum alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone concentrations decreased from 1183 +/- 219 U/L and 294 +/- 87 pg/mL, respectively, before treatment to 334 +/- 75 U/L and 35.2 +/- 15.2 pg/mL, respectively, after treatment. The 25-OH-D level increased from 4.5 +/- 0.56 ng/mL before treatment to 44.5 +/- 3.7 ng/mL after treatment. Circulating concentrations of IGF-I increased significantly after treatment (52.2 +/- 18.9 ng/mL) vs before treatment (26.6 +/- 12.8 ng/mL). The 25-OH-D concentrations were correlated significantly with the IGF-I levels before and after treatment (r = 0.603 and r = 0.59, respectively; P < .001). The GVSDS after treatment was correlated with the increase of IGF-I and 25-OH-D levels (r = 0.325 and r= 0.314, respectively; P < .01). These data denote that the accelerated linear growth after treatment of nutritional vitamin D deficiency is mediated through activation of the growth hormone/IGF-I system and suggests an important role of vitamin D as a link between the proliferating cartilage cells of the growth plate and growth hormone/IGF-I secretion. Three different sequential stages of vitamin D deficiency can be recognized according to the clinical/radiological, biochemical, and hormonal data of patients at presentation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Hamad Medical Centre, P.O. box 3050, Doha, Qatar. atsoliman@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18078865

Citation

Soliman, Ashraf T., et al. "Linear Growth in Relation to the Circulating Concentrations of Insulin-like Growth Factor I, Parathyroid Hormone, and 25-hydroxy Vitamin D in Children With Nutritional Rickets Before and After Treatment: Endocrine Adaptation to Vitamin D Deficiency." Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 57, no. 1, 2008, pp. 95-102.
Soliman AT, Al Khalaf F, Alhemaidi N, et al. Linear growth in relation to the circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I, parathyroid hormone, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in children with nutritional rickets before and after treatment: endocrine adaptation to vitamin D deficiency. Metab Clin Exp. 2008;57(1):95-102.
Soliman, A. T., Al Khalaf, F., Alhemaidi, N., Al Ali, M., Al Zyoud, M., & Yakoot, K. (2008). Linear growth in relation to the circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I, parathyroid hormone, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in children with nutritional rickets before and after treatment: endocrine adaptation to vitamin D deficiency. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 57(1), pp. 95-102.
Soliman AT, et al. Linear Growth in Relation to the Circulating Concentrations of Insulin-like Growth Factor I, Parathyroid Hormone, and 25-hydroxy Vitamin D in Children With Nutritional Rickets Before and After Treatment: Endocrine Adaptation to Vitamin D Deficiency. Metab Clin Exp. 2008;57(1):95-102. PubMed PMID: 18078865.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Linear growth in relation to the circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I, parathyroid hormone, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in children with nutritional rickets before and after treatment: endocrine adaptation to vitamin D deficiency. AU - Soliman,Ashraf T, AU - Al Khalaf,Fauzia, AU - Alhemaidi,Noura, AU - Al Ali,Maryam, AU - Al Zyoud,Mahmoud, AU - Yakoot,Khaled, PY - 2007/01/19/received PY - 2007/08/20/accepted PY - 2007/12/15/pubmed PY - 2008/3/11/medline PY - 2007/12/15/entrez SP - 95 EP - 102 JF - Metabolism: clinical and experimental JO - Metab. Clin. Exp. VL - 57 IS - 1 N2 - The objective of the study was to determine the degree of linear growth retardation of patients with vitamin D deficiency rickets at presentation and the magnitude of catch-up growth in relation to their calcium (Ca) homeostasis and hormones affecting it before and after treatment. This prospective study recorded the anthropometric data and measured the circulating 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH-D), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), parathyroid hormone, Ca, phosphate, and alkaline phosphatase concentrations in 46 infants and children with nutritional (vitamin D deficiency) rickets before and 6 months or more after treatment with one intramuscular injection of vitamin D3 megadose (300000 IU). Forty normal age- and sex-matched children were included as controls for the auxological data. At presentation, patients' mean age = 13.1 +/- 1.1 months, length standard deviation scores (LSDS) = -1.5 +/- 0.2, and body mass index = 16.3 +/- 0.85. They were significantly shorter and had markedly lower growth velocity standard deviation scores (GVSDS) compared with normal controls (LSDS = 0.25 +/- 0.18 and 0.31 +/- 0.22, respectively). Six months after treatment, the LSDS increased significantly in patients to -0.45 +/- 0.13, with a significantly increased GVSDS (2.76 +/- 0.45) and body mass index (16.9 +/- 0.65). They were still shorter but with significantly higher GVSDS compared with normal controls. Serum Ca and phosphate concentrations increased from 2.07 +/- 0.25 and 1.23 +/- 0.24 mmol/L, respectively, before treatment to 2.44 +/- 0.2 and 1.94 +/- 0.2 mmol/L, respectively, after treatment. Serum alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone concentrations decreased from 1183 +/- 219 U/L and 294 +/- 87 pg/mL, respectively, before treatment to 334 +/- 75 U/L and 35.2 +/- 15.2 pg/mL, respectively, after treatment. The 25-OH-D level increased from 4.5 +/- 0.56 ng/mL before treatment to 44.5 +/- 3.7 ng/mL after treatment. Circulating concentrations of IGF-I increased significantly after treatment (52.2 +/- 18.9 ng/mL) vs before treatment (26.6 +/- 12.8 ng/mL). The 25-OH-D concentrations were correlated significantly with the IGF-I levels before and after treatment (r = 0.603 and r = 0.59, respectively; P < .001). The GVSDS after treatment was correlated with the increase of IGF-I and 25-OH-D levels (r = 0.325 and r= 0.314, respectively; P < .01). These data denote that the accelerated linear growth after treatment of nutritional vitamin D deficiency is mediated through activation of the growth hormone/IGF-I system and suggests an important role of vitamin D as a link between the proliferating cartilage cells of the growth plate and growth hormone/IGF-I secretion. Three different sequential stages of vitamin D deficiency can be recognized according to the clinical/radiological, biochemical, and hormonal data of patients at presentation. SN - 0026-0495 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18078865/Linear_growth_in_relation_to_the_circulating_concentrations_of_insulin_like_growth_factor_I_parathyroid_hormone_and_25_hydroxy_vitamin_D_in_children_with_nutritional_rickets_before_and_after_treatment:_endocrine_adaptation_to_vitamin_D_deficiency_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0026-0495(07)00307-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -