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Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification.
Science. 2007 Dec 14; 318(5857):1737-42.Sci

Abstract

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2 degrees C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine organisms evolved. Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will compromise carbonate accretion, with corals becoming increasingly rare on reef systems. The result will be less diverse reef communities and carbonate reef structures that fail to be maintained. Climate change also exacerbates local stresses from declining water quality and overexploitation of key species, driving reefs increasingly toward the tipping point for functional collapse. This review presents future scenarios for coral reefs that predict increasingly serious consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people. As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Marine Studies, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia. oveh@uq.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18079392

Citation

Hoegh-Guldberg, O, et al. "Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 318, no. 5857, 2007, pp. 1737-42.
Hoegh-Guldberg O, Mumby PJ, Hooten AJ, et al. Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science. 2007;318(5857):1737-42.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R. S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., Sale, P. F., Edwards, A. J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, N., Eakin, C. M., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, R. H., Dubi, A., & Hatziolos, M. E. (2007). Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5857), 1737-42.
Hoegh-Guldberg O, et al. Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification. Science. 2007 Dec 14;318(5857):1737-42. PubMed PMID: 18079392.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. AU - Hoegh-Guldberg,O, AU - Mumby,P J, AU - Hooten,A J, AU - Steneck,R S, AU - Greenfield,P, AU - Gomez,E, AU - Harvell,C D, AU - Sale,P F, AU - Edwards,A J, AU - Caldeira,K, AU - Knowlton,N, AU - Eakin,C M, AU - Iglesias-Prieto,R, AU - Muthiga,N, AU - Bradbury,R H, AU - Dubi,A, AU - Hatziolos,M E, PY - 2007/12/15/pubmed PY - 2008/1/1/medline PY - 2007/12/15/entrez SP - 1737 EP - 42 JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 318 IS - 5857 N2 - Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2 degrees C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine organisms evolved. Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will compromise carbonate accretion, with corals becoming increasingly rare on reef systems. The result will be less diverse reef communities and carbonate reef structures that fail to be maintained. Climate change also exacerbates local stresses from declining water quality and overexploitation of key species, driving reefs increasingly toward the tipping point for functional collapse. This review presents future scenarios for coral reefs that predict increasingly serious consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people. As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18079392/Coral_reefs_under_rapid_climate_change_and_ocean_acidification_ L2 - https://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18079392 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -