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Correlations of dietary patterns with prostate health.

Abstract

Both genetic and environmental influences may be involved in etiology of prostate health and prostate cancer. These include ethnic origin, family history, smoking, and diet. Adiposity and excess energy intake are potentially distinct risk factors and positive associations with prostate cancer risk for both were observed among case-control and cohort studies. Some epidemiological studies support an association between dietary fat, particularly saturated or animal fats, and prostate cancer risk. Of these, several suggest reduced risk with low-fat diets high in n-3 fatty acids and increased risk with high-fat diets rich in n-6 fatty acids. Others suggested association with higher meat intake, possibly due to heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, produced during grilling or frying. Positive association of prostate cancer risk with dairy intake could involve alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase activity (required for beta-oxidation of phytanic acid present in dairy products and red meat) or the suppression of vitamin D activity by calcium. Inverse associations were observed with dietary intake of plant foods. These include cereals, soy products, and fruit and vegetable sources of carotenoids. Numerous plant constituents may act synergistically in the prevention and inhibition of prostate disorders. These diet-risk associations may lead to future individualized diet recommendations based upon genetic polymorphisms.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Pathology, University of Illinois in Chicago, Chicago IL, USA. msapuntz@uic.edu

    , ,

    Source

    Molecular nutrition & food research 52:1 2008 Jan pg 114-30

    MeSH

    Adiposity
    Animals
    Carotenoids
    Dairy Products
    Diet
    Dietary Fats
    Edible Grain
    Energy Intake
    Energy Metabolism
    Fruit
    Humans
    Male
    Meat
    Obesity
    Polymorphism, Genetic
    Prostatic Neoplasms
    Risk Factors
    Soy Foods
    Tea
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18080240

    Citation

    Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, Maria, et al. "Correlations of Dietary Patterns With Prostate Health." Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol. 52, no. 1, 2008, pp. 114-30.
    Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M, Borthakur G, Burns JL, et al. Correlations of dietary patterns with prostate health. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2008;52(1):114-30.
    Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, M., Borthakur, G., Burns, J. L., & Bowen, P. E. (2008). Correlations of dietary patterns with prostate health. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 52(1), pp. 114-30.
    Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M, et al. Correlations of Dietary Patterns With Prostate Health. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2008;52(1):114-30. PubMed PMID: 18080240.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Correlations of dietary patterns with prostate health. AU - Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis,Maria, AU - Borthakur,Gayatri, AU - Burns,James L, AU - Bowen,Phyllis E, PY - 2007/12/15/pubmed PY - 2008/3/14/medline PY - 2007/12/15/entrez SP - 114 EP - 30 JF - Molecular nutrition & food research JO - Mol Nutr Food Res VL - 52 IS - 1 N2 - Both genetic and environmental influences may be involved in etiology of prostate health and prostate cancer. These include ethnic origin, family history, smoking, and diet. Adiposity and excess energy intake are potentially distinct risk factors and positive associations with prostate cancer risk for both were observed among case-control and cohort studies. Some epidemiological studies support an association between dietary fat, particularly saturated or animal fats, and prostate cancer risk. Of these, several suggest reduced risk with low-fat diets high in n-3 fatty acids and increased risk with high-fat diets rich in n-6 fatty acids. Others suggested association with higher meat intake, possibly due to heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, produced during grilling or frying. Positive association of prostate cancer risk with dairy intake could involve alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase activity (required for beta-oxidation of phytanic acid present in dairy products and red meat) or the suppression of vitamin D activity by calcium. Inverse associations were observed with dietary intake of plant foods. These include cereals, soy products, and fruit and vegetable sources of carotenoids. Numerous plant constituents may act synergistically in the prevention and inhibition of prostate disorders. These diet-risk associations may lead to future individualized diet recommendations based upon genetic polymorphisms. SN - 1613-4125 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18080240/Correlations_of_dietary_patterns_with_prostate_health_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600296 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -