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Time trends of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austrian children.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008 Mar; 19(2):125-31.PA

Abstract

After a substantial increase in the prevalence of atopic disease in Europe, recent studies indicate that a plateau has been reached. However, variation across countries and age groups exists. We studied the prevalence and time trends of asthma and allergic disease among schoolchildren in Austria, a country with traditionally low rates of asthma, hay fever, and eczema. As part of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), symptoms and physician diagnoses of asthma and allergic disease of 13,399 Austrian children aged 6-7 yr and 1516 children aged 12-14 yr were surveyed between 1995 and 1997. A similar survey was conducted between 2001 and 2003. Among children aged 6-7 yr, significant increases were seen in the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma (+16%; p = 0.013), hay fever (+22%; p < 0.001), and eczema (+37%; p < 0.001) between 1995 and 2003. These changes were paralleled by an increase in the prevalence of symptoms typical for hay fever (itchy eyes and runny nose), but not by an increase in wheeze. Among children aged 12-14 yr, the lifetime prevalence of diagnosed asthma increased by 32%, of hay fever by 19%, and of eczema by 28% (all, p < 0.001). These changes were paralleled by increases in the prevalence of wheezing as documented by both questions before and after a video showing wheezing children but not by symptoms typical for hay fever such as itchy eyes and runny nose. In conclusion, in Austria, contrary to other European countries, the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease increased among schoolchildren. Additional studies are needed to continue monitoring the dynamics of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austria and to explore trends in their risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Centre of Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. eva.schernhammer@channing.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18086231

Citation

Schernhammer, E S., et al. "Time Trends of the Prevalence of Asthma and Allergic Disease in Austrian Children." Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 19, no. 2, 2008, pp. 125-31.
Schernhammer ES, Vutuc C, Waldhör T, et al. Time trends of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austrian children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008;19(2):125-31.
Schernhammer, E. S., Vutuc, C., Waldhör, T., & Haidinger, G. (2008). Time trends of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austrian children. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 19(2), 125-31.
Schernhammer ES, et al. Time Trends of the Prevalence of Asthma and Allergic Disease in Austrian Children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2008;19(2):125-31. PubMed PMID: 18086231.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time trends of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austrian children. AU - Schernhammer,E S, AU - Vutuc,C, AU - Waldhör,T, AU - Haidinger,G, Y1 - 2007/12/14/ PY - 2007/12/19/pubmed PY - 2008/4/23/medline PY - 2007/12/19/entrez SP - 125 EP - 31 JF - Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology JO - Pediatr Allergy Immunol VL - 19 IS - 2 N2 - After a substantial increase in the prevalence of atopic disease in Europe, recent studies indicate that a plateau has been reached. However, variation across countries and age groups exists. We studied the prevalence and time trends of asthma and allergic disease among schoolchildren in Austria, a country with traditionally low rates of asthma, hay fever, and eczema. As part of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), symptoms and physician diagnoses of asthma and allergic disease of 13,399 Austrian children aged 6-7 yr and 1516 children aged 12-14 yr were surveyed between 1995 and 1997. A similar survey was conducted between 2001 and 2003. Among children aged 6-7 yr, significant increases were seen in the prevalence of physician-diagnosed asthma (+16%; p = 0.013), hay fever (+22%; p < 0.001), and eczema (+37%; p < 0.001) between 1995 and 2003. These changes were paralleled by an increase in the prevalence of symptoms typical for hay fever (itchy eyes and runny nose), but not by an increase in wheeze. Among children aged 12-14 yr, the lifetime prevalence of diagnosed asthma increased by 32%, of hay fever by 19%, and of eczema by 28% (all, p < 0.001). These changes were paralleled by increases in the prevalence of wheezing as documented by both questions before and after a video showing wheezing children but not by symptoms typical for hay fever such as itchy eyes and runny nose. In conclusion, in Austria, contrary to other European countries, the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease increased among schoolchildren. Additional studies are needed to continue monitoring the dynamics of the prevalence of asthma and allergic disease in Austria and to explore trends in their risk factors. SN - 1399-3038 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18086231/Time_trends_of_the_prevalence_of_asthma_and_allergic_disease_in_Austrian_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2007.00597.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -