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Postnatal depression and mother and infant outcomes after infant massage.
J Affect Disord. 2008 Jul; 109(1-2):189-92.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Postnatal depression can be a long lasting condition which affects both the mother and her baby. A pilot study indicated that attending baby massage improved maternal depression and mother-infant interactions. The current study further investigates any benefits of baby massage for mothers with postnatal depression and their infants.

METHODS

Mothers scoring (3)13 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4 weeks postpartum were randomly assigned to attend baby massage classes (n=31) or a support group (n=31). They completed depression, anxiety and Infant Characteristics Questionnaires and were filmed interacting with their infants before and after 6 intervention sessions, and at one year. Thirty four non-depressed mothers also completed the study.

RESULTS

More of the massage than support group mothers showed a clinical reduction in EPDS scores between four weeks and outcome (p<0.05). At one year, massage-group mothers had non-depressed levels of sensitivity of interaction with their babies, whereas the support group did not. There were no other differences in either mother or child between the two intervention groups. Depressed mothers did not achieve control depression or anxiety scores at one year.

LIMITATIONS

For ethical reasons, the study did not include a control group of depressed mothers who did not receive an intervention.

CONCLUSIONS

Both intervention groups showed reductions in depression scores across the study period, but the massage group did better on some indices. They also had somewhat better interactions with their infants at one year, but these effects were limited.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, 4th Floor, IRDB, Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18086500

Citation

O'Higgins, M, et al. "Postnatal Depression and Mother and Infant Outcomes After Infant Massage." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 109, no. 1-2, 2008, pp. 189-92.
O'Higgins M, St James Roberts I, Glover V. Postnatal depression and mother and infant outcomes after infant massage. J Affect Disord. 2008;109(1-2):189-92.
O'Higgins, M., St James Roberts, I., & Glover, V. (2008). Postnatal depression and mother and infant outcomes after infant massage. Journal of Affective Disorders, 109(1-2), 189-92.
O'Higgins M, St James Roberts I, Glover V. Postnatal Depression and Mother and Infant Outcomes After Infant Massage. J Affect Disord. 2008;109(1-2):189-92. PubMed PMID: 18086500.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Postnatal depression and mother and infant outcomes after infant massage. AU - O'Higgins,M, AU - St James Roberts,I, AU - Glover,V, Y1 - 2007/12/20/ PY - 2007/03/06/received PY - 2007/10/30/revised PY - 2007/10/31/accepted PY - 2007/12/19/pubmed PY - 2008/9/27/medline PY - 2007/12/19/entrez SP - 189 EP - 92 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 109 IS - 1-2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression can be a long lasting condition which affects both the mother and her baby. A pilot study indicated that attending baby massage improved maternal depression and mother-infant interactions. The current study further investigates any benefits of baby massage for mothers with postnatal depression and their infants. METHODS: Mothers scoring (3)13 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4 weeks postpartum were randomly assigned to attend baby massage classes (n=31) or a support group (n=31). They completed depression, anxiety and Infant Characteristics Questionnaires and were filmed interacting with their infants before and after 6 intervention sessions, and at one year. Thirty four non-depressed mothers also completed the study. RESULTS: More of the massage than support group mothers showed a clinical reduction in EPDS scores between four weeks and outcome (p<0.05). At one year, massage-group mothers had non-depressed levels of sensitivity of interaction with their babies, whereas the support group did not. There were no other differences in either mother or child between the two intervention groups. Depressed mothers did not achieve control depression or anxiety scores at one year. LIMITATIONS: For ethical reasons, the study did not include a control group of depressed mothers who did not receive an intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Both intervention groups showed reductions in depression scores across the study period, but the massage group did better on some indices. They also had somewhat better interactions with their infants at one year, but these effects were limited. SN - 0165-0327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18086500/Postnatal_depression_and_mother_and_infant_outcomes_after_infant_massage_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(07)00388-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -