Green tea and coffee intake and risk of pancreatic cancer in a large-scale, population-based cohort study in Japan (JPHC study).Eur J Cancer Prev. 2007 Dec; 16(6):542-8.EJ
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and treatment-refractory malignancies in humans. The most effective means of reducing pancreatic cancer mortality may be primary prevention. Although laboratory studies have demonstrated that green tea possesses anticancer activities, results from epidemiological studies have failed to show a consistent cancer-preventive effect. In addition, there is a lingering concern that coffee mighty increase the risk of pancreatic cancer although the most recent epidemiological studies showed no overall association between coffee and risk. Here, we examined the association between the drinking of green tea or coffee and the risk of pancreatic cancer in a large population-based cohort study in Japan (JPHC study). In total, 102 137 participants were followed for an average of 11 years through to the end of 2003. A total of 233 incident cases of pancreatic cancer were identified among 1 116 945 person-years of follow-up. Overall, the risk of pancreatic cancer was not associated with either green tea or coffee intake in our population, although a reduced risk was apparent among men who drank at least three cups of coffee per day compared with those who did not drink any or only rarely drank coffee. In conclusion, our findings support the idea that green tea or coffee consumption does not have a substantial impact on pancreatic cancer risk in general.