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The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: a comparative study.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007 Dec; 48(12):1214-22.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Empirical research suggests that social disadvantage has a negative effect on the development of language, and related cognitive skills such as reading. There is, however, no corresponding body of research on the impact of social disadvantage on motor development. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of social disadvantage on motor development in young children. In addition, we explored a possible link between an early neuromotor indicator and attainments in language, and reading.

METHODS

The Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure was used to identify two contrasting districts based on a composite measure of social disadvantage. We investigated the effect of social disadvantage on the motor attainments of a sample of 239 children aged 4-5 years, and 276 children aged 7-8 years attending mainstream schools in each district using a standardised motor assessment battery, and a motor neurodevelopmental measure. We used standardised receptive language and reading assessments to evaluate possible associations between motor and language/reading attainments.

RESULTS

There was a significant negative effect of social disadvantage on motor skills, for both age groups, and for both males and females. A similar negative effect of social disadvantage on attainments in language, and reading was also found. Children from areas of social disadvantage had significant deficits in motor and receptive language attainments relative to their more advantaged peers. In addition, we revealed a significant predictive relationship between a neurodevelopmental measure of early motor development and reading attainment.

CONCLUSIONS

Children growing up in socially disadvantaged areas may be at particular risk of motor, including neurodevelopmental, delay, as well as language and reading difficulties. The determinants of motor and neuromotor deficits in children from disadvantaged backgrounds should be explored, and the relationship between early neuromotor development and language/reading development requires further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland. m.mcphillips@qub.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18093027

Citation

McPhillips, Martin, and Julie-Anne Jordan-Black. "The Effect of Social Disadvantage On Motor Development in Young Children: a Comparative Study." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 48, no. 12, 2007, pp. 1214-22.
McPhillips M, Jordan-Black JA. The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: a comparative study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;48(12):1214-22.
McPhillips, M., & Jordan-Black, J. A. (2007). The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: a comparative study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 48(12), 1214-22.
McPhillips M, Jordan-Black JA. The Effect of Social Disadvantage On Motor Development in Young Children: a Comparative Study. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2007;48(12):1214-22. PubMed PMID: 18093027.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: a comparative study. AU - McPhillips,Martin, AU - Jordan-Black,Julie-Anne, PY - 2007/12/21/pubmed PY - 2008/2/8/medline PY - 2007/12/21/entrez SP - 1214 EP - 22 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 48 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Empirical research suggests that social disadvantage has a negative effect on the development of language, and related cognitive skills such as reading. There is, however, no corresponding body of research on the impact of social disadvantage on motor development. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of social disadvantage on motor development in young children. In addition, we explored a possible link between an early neuromotor indicator and attainments in language, and reading. METHODS: The Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure was used to identify two contrasting districts based on a composite measure of social disadvantage. We investigated the effect of social disadvantage on the motor attainments of a sample of 239 children aged 4-5 years, and 276 children aged 7-8 years attending mainstream schools in each district using a standardised motor assessment battery, and a motor neurodevelopmental measure. We used standardised receptive language and reading assessments to evaluate possible associations between motor and language/reading attainments. RESULTS: There was a significant negative effect of social disadvantage on motor skills, for both age groups, and for both males and females. A similar negative effect of social disadvantage on attainments in language, and reading was also found. Children from areas of social disadvantage had significant deficits in motor and receptive language attainments relative to their more advantaged peers. In addition, we revealed a significant predictive relationship between a neurodevelopmental measure of early motor development and reading attainment. CONCLUSIONS: Children growing up in socially disadvantaged areas may be at particular risk of motor, including neurodevelopmental, delay, as well as language and reading difficulties. The determinants of motor and neuromotor deficits in children from disadvantaged backgrounds should be explored, and the relationship between early neuromotor development and language/reading development requires further investigation. SN - 0021-9630 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18093027/The_effect_of_social_disadvantage_on_motor_development_in_young_children:_a_comparative_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01814.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -