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The occupational risk of Helicobacter pylori infection among workers in institutions for people with intellectual disability.
Occup Environ Med. 2008 Sep; 65(9):587-91.OE

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

A cross-sectional study to evaluate the occupational risk for Helicobacter pylori infection, on top of other risk factors, in staff members of institutions for people with intellectual disability. In these institutions, the residents had a documented high prevalence of H pylori infection (86% presenting antibodies). As a control group, the study used administrative workers from other companies.

METHODS

All participants completed a questionnaire concerning sociodemographic characteristics, medical history and employment data and they underwent a serology test.

RESULTS

671 staff members of the institutions and 439 subjects in the control group participated in the study. Prevalence of H pylori antibodies was significantly higher in the study group than in the control group (40.6% vs 29.2%; p<0.001). Crude odds ratio for occupational risk was 1.68; adjusting for the confounding effect of age, gender, body mass index, smoking, tropical journeys and number of household members during childhood resulted in an even higher (adjusted) OR of 1.98 (95% CI 1.42 to 2.69). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusting for variables shown to be confounders, faecal contact continued to be significantly associated with H pylori infection. Attributable risk was 49.5%.

CONCLUSIONS

H pylori infection is an occupational risk in healthcare workers working in institutions for people with intellectual disability. We identified faecal contact as an independent occupational risk factor for H pylori infection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

IDEWE Occupational Health Services, Interleuvenlaan 58, 3001 Leuven, Belgium. antoon.deschryver@idewe.beNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18096656

Citation

De Schryver, A, et al. "The Occupational Risk of Helicobacter Pylori Infection Among Workers in Institutions for People With Intellectual Disability." Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 65, no. 9, 2008, pp. 587-91.
De Schryver A, Cornelis K, Van Winckel M, et al. The occupational risk of Helicobacter pylori infection among workers in institutions for people with intellectual disability. Occup Environ Med. 2008;65(9):587-91.
De Schryver, A., Cornelis, K., Van Winckel, M., Moens, G., Devlies, G., Derthoo, D., & van Sprundel, M. (2008). The occupational risk of Helicobacter pylori infection among workers in institutions for people with intellectual disability. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 65(9), 587-91.
De Schryver A, et al. The Occupational Risk of Helicobacter Pylori Infection Among Workers in Institutions for People With Intellectual Disability. Occup Environ Med. 2008;65(9):587-91. PubMed PMID: 18096656.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The occupational risk of Helicobacter pylori infection among workers in institutions for people with intellectual disability. AU - De Schryver,A, AU - Cornelis,K, AU - Van Winckel,M, AU - Moens,G, AU - Devlies,G, AU - Derthoo,D, AU - van Sprundel,M, Y1 - 2007/12/20/ PY - 2007/12/22/pubmed PY - 2008/10/16/medline PY - 2007/12/22/entrez SP - 587 EP - 91 JF - Occupational and environmental medicine JO - Occup Environ Med VL - 65 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVES: A cross-sectional study to evaluate the occupational risk for Helicobacter pylori infection, on top of other risk factors, in staff members of institutions for people with intellectual disability. In these institutions, the residents had a documented high prevalence of H pylori infection (86% presenting antibodies). As a control group, the study used administrative workers from other companies. METHODS: All participants completed a questionnaire concerning sociodemographic characteristics, medical history and employment data and they underwent a serology test. RESULTS: 671 staff members of the institutions and 439 subjects in the control group participated in the study. Prevalence of H pylori antibodies was significantly higher in the study group than in the control group (40.6% vs 29.2%; p<0.001). Crude odds ratio for occupational risk was 1.68; adjusting for the confounding effect of age, gender, body mass index, smoking, tropical journeys and number of household members during childhood resulted in an even higher (adjusted) OR of 1.98 (95% CI 1.42 to 2.69). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusting for variables shown to be confounders, faecal contact continued to be significantly associated with H pylori infection. Attributable risk was 49.5%. CONCLUSIONS: H pylori infection is an occupational risk in healthcare workers working in institutions for people with intellectual disability. We identified faecal contact as an independent occupational risk factor for H pylori infection. SN - 1470-7926 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18096656/The_occupational_risk_of_Helicobacter_pylori_infection_among_workers_in_institutions_for_people_with_intellectual_disability_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -