Induction of rat liver phosphoenolpyruvate carbonxykinase (GTP) by cyclic AMP during starvation. The permissive action of glucocorticoids.Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Jun 23; 437(1):62-70.BB
The effect of starvation on the activity of hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP:oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (transphosphorylating), EC 18.104.22.168), and on the response of the enzyme to N6-O2'dibutyryl adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate was investigated in intact and glucocorticoid-deprived rats. In the liver of intact animals, starvation produced a rapid increase in the concentration of cyclic AMP and a corresponding increase in the activity of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. The kinetics of both changes were not affected by adrenalectomy. Injection of N6-O2'-dibutyryl adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate into intact starved rats resulted in an immediate, dramatic increase in phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase activity above the starvation level. Adrenalectomy completely blocked the response of the enzyme to the cyclic nucleotide. Restoration of hydrocortisone to the adrenalectomized animals restored the full N6-I2'dibutyryl adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate effect after a lag period of 2 h. The physiological significance of these findings is considered. The data are interpreted with regard to the current hypothesis that glucocorticoids promote an increase in translatable phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase mRNA, while cyclic AMP enhances the translation of preexisting specific mRNA templates.