The effects of physiological and pharmacological weight loss on adiponectin and leptin mRNA levels in the rat epididymal adipose tissue.Eur J Pharmacol 2008; 579(1-3):433-8EJ
In subjects with obesity, diabetes and coronary artery disease, circulating levels of leptin increased while that of adiponectin is decreased. In this study we have investigated effects of physiological and pharmacological weight reduction on leptin and adiponectin mRNA expression. Wistar rats were fed either standard laboratory chow for 16 weeks (chow-fed) or given a fat-enriched, glucose-enriched diet (diet-fed) for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, diet-fed group was subdivided into three subgroups, namely, an untreated obese, or were returned to chow diet, or treated with fenofibrate for further 8 week. After 16 weeks, compared with chow-fed group, diet-fed rats had significantly higher body weight, epididymal fat pad mass, and plasma levels of insulin, leptin, adiponectin, non-esterified fatty acids and triglycerides (P<0.001, for all). Moreover, untreated obese rats had significantly (P<0.01, for both) raised levels of Ob mRNA but reduced adiponectin mRNA levels in epididymal fat pads compared with chow-fed group. These changes were corrected by chronic removal of the high-energy diet and fenofibrate treatment. These findings indicate that physiological or pharmacological lowering of body weight together with circulating plasma lipids play a significant role in leptin and adiponectin synthesis and metabolism.