Comparison of the efficacy and tolerability of pitavastatin and atorvastatin: an 8-week, multicenter, randomized, open-label, dose-titration study in Korean patients with hypercholesterolemia.Clin Ther. 2007 Nov; 29(11):2365-73.CT
Although previous studies have examined the efficacy of pitavastatin, its tolerability and effects on lipid concentrations have not been compared with those of atorvastatin in a multicenter, randomized study.
This trial compared the efficacy and tolerability of pitavastatin and atorvastatin in hypercholesterolemic Korean adults.
This 8-week, multicenter, randomized, open-label, dose-titration study was conducted at 18 clinical centers in Korea between May 2005 and February 2006. After a 4-week dietary lead-in period, patients with hypercholesterolemia were randomized to receive either pitavastatin 2 mg/d or atorvastatin 10 mg/d. Patients who had not reached the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal by week 4 received a double dose of the assigned medication for an additional 4 weeks. Efficacy was evaluated in terms of achievement of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III LDL-C goals and changes from baseline in other lipids and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). The tolerability profile was assessed by physical and electro-cardiographic examinations, laboratory tests, and recording adverse reactions at all visits.
A total of 268 patients were randomized to treatment, and 222 (82.8%) completed the study (149 women, 73 men; mean age, 59 years; mean weight, 63.5 kg). At the end of the study, there was no significant difference between the pitavastatin and atorvastatin groups in the proportion of patients achieving the LDL-C goal (92.7% [102/110] vs 92.0% [103/112], respectively). In addition, there were no significant differences between groups in terms of the percent changes from baseline in LDL-C, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), or hs-CRP. Twenty-six of 136 patients (19.1%) taking pitavastatin reported 35 treatment-emergent adverse reactions; 33 of 132 patients (25.0%) taking atorvastatin reported 39 treatment-emergent adverse reactions. Elevations in creatine kinase were observed in 6 patients (4.4%) in the pitavastatin group and 7 patients (5.3%) in the atorvastatin group. There were no serious adverse drug reactions in either group.
In these adult Korean patients with hypercholesterolemia, pitavastatin and atorvastatin did not differ significantly in terms of the proportions of patients achieving the LDL-C goal; reductions in LDL-C, total cholesterol, and triglycerides; or increases in HDL-C. Both drugs were well tolerated.