Novel redox-dependent regulation of NOX5 by the tyrosine kinase c-Abl.Free Radic Biol Med 2008; 44(5):868-81FR
We investigated the mechanism of H(2)O(2) activation of the Ca(2+)-regulated NADPH oxidase NOX5. H(2)O(2) induced a transient, dose-dependent increase in superoxide production in K562 cells expressing NOX5. Confocal studies demonstrated that the initial calcium influx generated by H(2)O(2) is amplified by a feedback mechanism involving NOX5-dependent superoxide production and H(2)O(2). H(2)O(2) NOX5 activation was inhibited by extracellular Ca(2+) chelators, a pharmacological inhibitor of c-Abl, and overexpression of kinase-dead c-Abl. Transfected kinase-active GFP-c-Abl colocalized with vesicular sites of superoxide production in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. In contrast to H(2)O(2), the Ca(2+) ionophore ionomycin induced NOX5 activity independent of c-Abl. Immunoprecipitation of cell lysates revealed that active GFP-c-Abl formed oligomers with endogenous c-Abl and that phosphorylation of both proteins was increased by H(2)O(2) treatment. Furthermore, H(2)O(2)-induced NOX5 activity correlated with increased localization of c-Abl to the membrane fraction, and NOX5 proteins could be coimmunoprecipitated with GFP-Abl proteins. Our data demonstrate for the first time that NOX5 is activated by c-Abl through a Ca(2+)-mediated, redox-dependent signaling pathway and suggest a functional association between NOX5 NADPH oxidase and c-Abl.