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Endemic Japanese encephalitis in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Dec; 77(6):1146-9.AJ

Abstract

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is endemic in the Terai region of Nepal. There is little information on the occurrence of JE outside the Terai and particularly in the densely populated Kathmandu valley. Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) cases were detected using a sentinel surveillance system that has been functioning since 2004. JE was confirmed using anti-JE IgM ELISA. All laboratory-confirmed JE cases that occurred in the Kathmandu valley during 2006 were followed up for verification of residence and travel history. JE was confirmed in 40 residents of the Kathmandu valley, including 30 cases that had no history of travel outside the valley during the incubation period. Incidence was 2.1/100,000 and the case fatality was 20% (8/40). Currently, JE prevention is focused on the Terai region in Nepal; given the evidence, this should be reviewed for the possible inclusion of the Kathmandu valley in the national JE prevention and control program.

Authors+Show Affiliations

World Health Organization, Immunization Preventable Diseases Unit, Kathmandu, Nepal. partridgej@searo.who.int <partridgej@searo.who.int>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18165538

Citation

Partridge, Jeffrey, et al. "Endemic Japanese Encephalitis in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal." The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 77, no. 6, 2007, pp. 1146-9.
Partridge J, Ghimire P, Sedai T, et al. Endemic Japanese encephalitis in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;77(6):1146-9.
Partridge, J., Ghimire, P., Sedai, T., Bista, M. B., & Banerjee, M. (2007). Endemic Japanese encephalitis in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(6), 1146-9.
Partridge J, et al. Endemic Japanese Encephalitis in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007;77(6):1146-9. PubMed PMID: 18165538.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Endemic Japanese encephalitis in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal. AU - Partridge,Jeffrey, AU - Ghimire,Prakash, AU - Sedai,Tika, AU - Bista,Mahendra Bahadur, AU - Banerjee,Manas, PY - 2008/1/1/pubmed PY - 2008/2/15/medline PY - 2008/1/1/entrez SP - 1146 EP - 9 JF - The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene JO - Am J Trop Med Hyg VL - 77 IS - 6 N2 - Japanese encephalitis (JE) is endemic in the Terai region of Nepal. There is little information on the occurrence of JE outside the Terai and particularly in the densely populated Kathmandu valley. Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) cases were detected using a sentinel surveillance system that has been functioning since 2004. JE was confirmed using anti-JE IgM ELISA. All laboratory-confirmed JE cases that occurred in the Kathmandu valley during 2006 were followed up for verification of residence and travel history. JE was confirmed in 40 residents of the Kathmandu valley, including 30 cases that had no history of travel outside the valley during the incubation period. Incidence was 2.1/100,000 and the case fatality was 20% (8/40). Currently, JE prevention is focused on the Terai region in Nepal; given the evidence, this should be reviewed for the possible inclusion of the Kathmandu valley in the national JE prevention and control program. SN - 0002-9637 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18165538/Endemic_Japanese_encephalitis_in_the_Kathmandu_valley_Nepal_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3899 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -