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Legume and soy food intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Shanghai Women's Health Study.
Am J Clin Nutr 2008; 87(1):162-7AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

It has been postulated that a diet high in legumes may be beneficial for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). However, data linking type 2 DM risk and legume intake are limited.

OBJECTIVE

The objective of the study was to examine the association between legume and soy food consumption and self-reported type 2 DM.

DESIGN

The study was conducted in a population-based prospective cohort of middle-aged Chinese women. We followed 64,227 women with no history of type 2 DM, cancer, or cardiovascular disease at study recruitment for an average of 4.6 y. Participants completed in-person interviews that collected information on diabetes risk factors, including dietary intake and physical activity in adulthood. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Dietary intake was assessed with a validated food-frequency questionnaire at the baseline survey and at the first follow-up survey administered 2-3 y after study recruitment.

RESULTS

We observed an inverse association between quintiles of total legume intake and 3 mutually exclusive legume groups (peanuts, soybeans, and other legumes) and type 2 DM incidence. The multivariate-adjusted relative risk of type 2 DM for the upper quintile compared with the lower quintile was 0.62 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.74) for total legumes and 0.53 (95% CI: 0.45, 0.62) for soybeans. The association between soy products (other than soy milk) and soy protein consumption (protein derived from soy beans and their products) with type 2 DM was not significant.

CONCLUSIONS

Consumption of legumes, soybeans in particular, was inversely associated with the risk type 2 DM.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Nashville, TN 37203-1738, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18175751

Citation

Villegas, Raquel, et al. "Legume and Soy Food Intake and the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Shanghai Women's Health Study." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 87, no. 1, 2008, pp. 162-7.
Villegas R, Gao YT, Yang G, et al. Legume and soy food intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Shanghai Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(1):162-7.
Villegas, R., Gao, Y. T., Yang, G., Li, H. L., Elasy, T. A., Zheng, W., & Shu, X. O. (2008). Legume and soy food intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Shanghai Women's Health Study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87(1), pp. 162-7.
Villegas R, et al. Legume and Soy Food Intake and the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Shanghai Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(1):162-7. PubMed PMID: 18175751.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Legume and soy food intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the Shanghai Women's Health Study. AU - Villegas,Raquel, AU - Gao,Yu-Tang, AU - Yang,Gong, AU - Li,Hong-Lan, AU - Elasy,Tom A, AU - Zheng,Wei, AU - Shu,Xiao Ou, PY - 2008/1/8/pubmed PY - 2008/2/29/medline PY - 2008/1/8/entrez SP - 162 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 87 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: It has been postulated that a diet high in legumes may be beneficial for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). However, data linking type 2 DM risk and legume intake are limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between legume and soy food consumption and self-reported type 2 DM. DESIGN: The study was conducted in a population-based prospective cohort of middle-aged Chinese women. We followed 64,227 women with no history of type 2 DM, cancer, or cardiovascular disease at study recruitment for an average of 4.6 y. Participants completed in-person interviews that collected information on diabetes risk factors, including dietary intake and physical activity in adulthood. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Dietary intake was assessed with a validated food-frequency questionnaire at the baseline survey and at the first follow-up survey administered 2-3 y after study recruitment. RESULTS: We observed an inverse association between quintiles of total legume intake and 3 mutually exclusive legume groups (peanuts, soybeans, and other legumes) and type 2 DM incidence. The multivariate-adjusted relative risk of type 2 DM for the upper quintile compared with the lower quintile was 0.62 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.74) for total legumes and 0.53 (95% CI: 0.45, 0.62) for soybeans. The association between soy products (other than soy milk) and soy protein consumption (protein derived from soy beans and their products) with type 2 DM was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of legumes, soybeans in particular, was inversely associated with the risk type 2 DM. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18175751/Legume_and_soy_food_intake_and_the_incidence_of_type_2_diabetes_in_the_Shanghai_Women's_Health_Study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/87.1.162 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -