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Inferior rabies vaccine quality and low immunization coverage in dogs (Canis familiaris) in China.
Epidemiol Infect. 2008 Nov; 136(11):1556-63.EI

Abstract

Human rabies in China continues to increase exponentially, largely due to an inadequate veterinary infrastructure and poor vaccine coverage of naive dogs. We performed an epidemiological survey of rabies both in humans and animals, examined vaccine quality for animal use, evaluated the vaccination coverage in dogs, and checked the dog samples for the presence of rabies virus. The lack of surveillance in dog rabies, together with the low immunization coverage (up to 2.8% in rural areas) and the high percentage of rabies virus prevalence (up to 6.4%) in dogs, suggests that the dog population is a continual threat for rabies transmission from dogs to humans in China. Results also indicated that the quality of rabies vaccines for animal use did not satisfy all of the requirements for an efficacious vaccine capable of fully eliminating rabies. These data suggest that the factors noted above are highly correlated with the high incidence of human rabies in China.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Epidemiology, Veterinary Institute, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Changchun, China. hurongliang@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18177524

Citation

Hu, R L., et al. "Inferior Rabies Vaccine Quality and Low Immunization Coverage in Dogs (Canis Familiaris) in China." Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 136, no. 11, 2008, pp. 1556-63.
Hu RL, Fooks AR, Zhang SF, et al. Inferior rabies vaccine quality and low immunization coverage in dogs (Canis familiaris) in China. Epidemiol Infect. 2008;136(11):1556-63.
Hu, R. L., Fooks, A. R., Zhang, S. F., Liu, Y., & Zhang, F. (2008). Inferior rabies vaccine quality and low immunization coverage in dogs (Canis familiaris) in China. Epidemiology and Infection, 136(11), 1556-63. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268807000131
Hu RL, et al. Inferior Rabies Vaccine Quality and Low Immunization Coverage in Dogs (Canis Familiaris) in China. Epidemiol Infect. 2008;136(11):1556-63. PubMed PMID: 18177524.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Inferior rabies vaccine quality and low immunization coverage in dogs (Canis familiaris) in China. AU - Hu,R L, AU - Fooks,A R, AU - Zhang,S F, AU - Liu,Y, AU - Zhang,F, Y1 - 2008/01/04/ PY - 2008/1/8/pubmed PY - 2008/11/19/medline PY - 2008/1/8/entrez SP - 1556 EP - 63 JF - Epidemiology and infection JO - Epidemiol Infect VL - 136 IS - 11 N2 - Human rabies in China continues to increase exponentially, largely due to an inadequate veterinary infrastructure and poor vaccine coverage of naive dogs. We performed an epidemiological survey of rabies both in humans and animals, examined vaccine quality for animal use, evaluated the vaccination coverage in dogs, and checked the dog samples for the presence of rabies virus. The lack of surveillance in dog rabies, together with the low immunization coverage (up to 2.8% in rural areas) and the high percentage of rabies virus prevalence (up to 6.4%) in dogs, suggests that the dog population is a continual threat for rabies transmission from dogs to humans in China. Results also indicated that the quality of rabies vaccines for animal use did not satisfy all of the requirements for an efficacious vaccine capable of fully eliminating rabies. These data suggest that the factors noted above are highly correlated with the high incidence of human rabies in China. SN - 0950-2688 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18177524/Inferior_rabies_vaccine_quality_and_low_immunization_coverage_in_dogs__Canis_familiaris__in_China_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0950268807000131/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -