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Prevalence and time trends in obesity among adult West African populations: a meta-analysis.
Obes Rev. 2008 Jul; 9(4):297-311.OR

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of and trends in obesity in adult West African populations. Between February and March 2007, a comprehensive literature search was conducted using four electronic databases. Journal hand searches, citations and bibliographic snowballing of relevant articles were also undertaken. To be included, studies had to be population-based, use well-defined criteria for measuring obesity, present data that allowed calculation of the prevalence of obesity and sample adult participants. Studies retrieved were critically appraised. Meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian-Laird random effect model. Twenty-eight studies were included. Thirteen studies were conducted in urban settings, 13 in mixed urban/rural and one in rural setting. Mean body mass index ranged from 20.1 to 27.0 kg(2). Prevalence of obesity in West Africa was estimated at 10.0% (95% CI, 6.0-15.0). Women were more likely to be obese than men, odds ratios 3.16 (95% CI, 2.51-3.98) and 4.79 (95% CI, 3.30-6.95) in urban and rural areas respectively. Urban residents were more likely to be obese than rural residents, odds ratio 2.70 (95% CI, 1.76-4.15). Time trend analyses indicated that prevalence of obesity in urban West Africa more than doubled (114%) over 15 years, accounted for almost entirely in women. Urban residents and women have particularly high risk of overweight/obesity and obesity is rising fast in women. Policymakers, politicians and health promotion experts must urgently help communities control the spread of obesity in West Africa.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. A.abubakari@dundee.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18179616

Citation

Abubakari, A R., et al. "Prevalence and Time Trends in Obesity Among Adult West African Populations: a Meta-analysis." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 9, no. 4, 2008, pp. 297-311.
Abubakari AR, Lauder W, Agyemang C, et al. Prevalence and time trends in obesity among adult West African populations: a meta-analysis. Obes Rev. 2008;9(4):297-311.
Abubakari, A. R., Lauder, W., Agyemang, C., Jones, M., Kirk, A., & Bhopal, R. S. (2008). Prevalence and time trends in obesity among adult West African populations: a meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 9(4), 297-311. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00462.x
Abubakari AR, et al. Prevalence and Time Trends in Obesity Among Adult West African Populations: a Meta-analysis. Obes Rev. 2008;9(4):297-311. PubMed PMID: 18179616.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and time trends in obesity among adult West African populations: a meta-analysis. AU - Abubakari,A R, AU - Lauder,W, AU - Agyemang,C, AU - Jones,M, AU - Kirk,A, AU - Bhopal,R S, Y1 - 2008/01/07/ PY - 2008/1/9/pubmed PY - 2008/8/2/medline PY - 2008/1/9/entrez SP - 297 EP - 311 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - The objective of this study was to determine the distribution of and trends in obesity in adult West African populations. Between February and March 2007, a comprehensive literature search was conducted using four electronic databases. Journal hand searches, citations and bibliographic snowballing of relevant articles were also undertaken. To be included, studies had to be population-based, use well-defined criteria for measuring obesity, present data that allowed calculation of the prevalence of obesity and sample adult participants. Studies retrieved were critically appraised. Meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian-Laird random effect model. Twenty-eight studies were included. Thirteen studies were conducted in urban settings, 13 in mixed urban/rural and one in rural setting. Mean body mass index ranged from 20.1 to 27.0 kg(2). Prevalence of obesity in West Africa was estimated at 10.0% (95% CI, 6.0-15.0). Women were more likely to be obese than men, odds ratios 3.16 (95% CI, 2.51-3.98) and 4.79 (95% CI, 3.30-6.95) in urban and rural areas respectively. Urban residents were more likely to be obese than rural residents, odds ratio 2.70 (95% CI, 1.76-4.15). Time trend analyses indicated that prevalence of obesity in urban West Africa more than doubled (114%) over 15 years, accounted for almost entirely in women. Urban residents and women have particularly high risk of overweight/obesity and obesity is rising fast in women. Policymakers, politicians and health promotion experts must urgently help communities control the spread of obesity in West Africa. SN - 1467-789X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18179616/Prevalence_and_time_trends_in_obesity_among_adult_West_African_populations:_a_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00462.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -