Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia.
Medicina (Kaunas) 2007; 43(12):947-52M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemia in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Every second child aged 9-12 months was randomly selected from primary medical centers in seven counties from all over Estonia. A questionnaire concerning eating habits and lifestyle was sent to their parents. Sixty-five percent (n=195) of contacted families agreed to participate in the study. Mean corpuscular volume and hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and soluble transferrin receptor levels were measured in 171 infants. Anemia was defined when hemoglobin level was lower than 105 g/L, and iron deficiency when ferritin level and mean corpuscular volume were lower than 12 microg/L and 74 fL, respectively.

RESULTS

The prevalence of iron deficiency was 14.0% and iron deficiency anemia 9.4%. Birthweight less than 3000 g was the main risk factor for iron deficiency (OR=9.4; P<0.0005). Infants fed with breast milk and solid food had lower ferritin concentration (18.5 microg/L, 95% CI 14.0-23.0) than infants fed with formula and solid food (32.8 microg/L, 95% CI 26.6-39) (P<0.005).

CONCLUSION

Iron deficiency anemia is common among 9-12-month-old Estonian infants. The main risk factor for iron deficiency was birthweight less than 3000 g.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University of Tartu, Lunini 6, 51014 Tartu, Estonia. neve.vendt@kliinikum.eeNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18182838

Citation

Vendt, Neve, et al. "Prevalence and Causes of Iron Deficiency Anemias in Infants Aged 9 to 12 Months in Estonia." Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), vol. 43, no. 12, 2007, pp. 947-52.
Vendt N, Grünberg H, Leedo S, et al. Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia. Medicina (Kaunas). 2007;43(12):947-52.
Vendt, N., Grünberg, H., Leedo, S., Tillmann, V., & Talvik, T. (2007). Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia. Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), 43(12), pp. 947-52.
Vendt N, et al. Prevalence and Causes of Iron Deficiency Anemias in Infants Aged 9 to 12 Months in Estonia. Medicina (Kaunas). 2007;43(12):947-52. PubMed PMID: 18182838.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemias in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia. AU - Vendt,Neve, AU - Grünberg,Heli, AU - Leedo,Sirje, AU - Tillmann,Vallo, AU - Talvik,Tiina, PY - 2008/1/10/pubmed PY - 2008/2/9/medline PY - 2008/1/10/entrez SP - 947 EP - 52 JF - Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania) JO - Medicina (Kaunas) VL - 43 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and causes of iron deficiency anemia in infants aged 9 to 12 months in Estonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Every second child aged 9-12 months was randomly selected from primary medical centers in seven counties from all over Estonia. A questionnaire concerning eating habits and lifestyle was sent to their parents. Sixty-five percent (n=195) of contacted families agreed to participate in the study. Mean corpuscular volume and hemoglobin, serum ferritin, and soluble transferrin receptor levels were measured in 171 infants. Anemia was defined when hemoglobin level was lower than 105 g/L, and iron deficiency when ferritin level and mean corpuscular volume were lower than 12 microg/L and 74 fL, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of iron deficiency was 14.0% and iron deficiency anemia 9.4%. Birthweight less than 3000 g was the main risk factor for iron deficiency (OR=9.4; P<0.0005). Infants fed with breast milk and solid food had lower ferritin concentration (18.5 microg/L, 95% CI 14.0-23.0) than infants fed with formula and solid food (32.8 microg/L, 95% CI 26.6-39) (P<0.005). CONCLUSION: Iron deficiency anemia is common among 9-12-month-old Estonian infants. The main risk factor for iron deficiency was birthweight less than 3000 g. SN - 1648-9144 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18182838/Prevalence_and_causes_of_iron_deficiency_anemias_in_infants_aged_9_to_12_months_in_Estonia_ L2 - http://medicina.lsmuni.lt/med/0712/0712-05e.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -