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A comparison of some of the cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarian and omnivorous Turkish females.
J Hum Nutr Diet. 2008 Feb; 21(1):13-22.JH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Elevated serum total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Homocysteine levels may be influenced by dietary habits. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a vegetarian diet on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in Turkish females.

METHOD

The study was conducted on 26 vegetarian and 26 omnivore females. Serum tHcy, folate, vitamin B(12) and lipids were determined and dietary data were assessed using a 4-day food intake record at two time points.

RESULTS

Compared with omnivores, vegetarians had higher plasma tHcy, 10.8 +/- 3.72 versus 12.6 +/- 5.97, (P < 0.05) and folate (P < 0.05) levels. The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia was higher in vegetarians than in omnivores (34.6% versus 12.0%). In addition, serum vitamin B(12) levels were lower in vegetarians than in omnivores (P < 0.05). In vegetarians, significant inverse correlation was found between tHcy and serum vitamin B(12) levels (r = -0.969, P = 0.001).

CONCLUSION

The higher prevalence of mild hyperhomocysteinaemia in vegetarians indicated a diminished protective effect of vegetarian nutrition in cardiovascular disease prevention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Health Sciences Faculty, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey. efsunk@baskent.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18184390

Citation

Karabudak, E, et al. "A Comparison of some of the Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Vegetarian and Omnivorous Turkish Females." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 21, no. 1, 2008, pp. 13-22.
Karabudak E, Kiziltan G, Cigerim N. A comparison of some of the cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarian and omnivorous Turkish females. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2008;21(1):13-22.
Karabudak, E., Kiziltan, G., & Cigerim, N. (2008). A comparison of some of the cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarian and omnivorous Turkish females. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 21(1), 13-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2007.00831.x
Karabudak E, Kiziltan G, Cigerim N. A Comparison of some of the Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Vegetarian and Omnivorous Turkish Females. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2008;21(1):13-22. PubMed PMID: 18184390.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of some of the cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarian and omnivorous Turkish females. AU - Karabudak,E, AU - Kiziltan,G, AU - Cigerim,N, PY - 2008/1/11/pubmed PY - 2008/4/9/medline PY - 2008/1/11/entrez SP - 13 EP - 22 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 21 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Elevated serum total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Homocysteine levels may be influenced by dietary habits. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a vegetarian diet on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in Turkish females. METHOD: The study was conducted on 26 vegetarian and 26 omnivore females. Serum tHcy, folate, vitamin B(12) and lipids were determined and dietary data were assessed using a 4-day food intake record at two time points. RESULTS: Compared with omnivores, vegetarians had higher plasma tHcy, 10.8 +/- 3.72 versus 12.6 +/- 5.97, (P < 0.05) and folate (P < 0.05) levels. The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia was higher in vegetarians than in omnivores (34.6% versus 12.0%). In addition, serum vitamin B(12) levels were lower in vegetarians than in omnivores (P < 0.05). In vegetarians, significant inverse correlation was found between tHcy and serum vitamin B(12) levels (r = -0.969, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The higher prevalence of mild hyperhomocysteinaemia in vegetarians indicated a diminished protective effect of vegetarian nutrition in cardiovascular disease prevention. SN - 0952-3871 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18184390/A_comparison_of_some_of_the_cardiovascular_risk_factors_in_vegetarian_and_omnivorous_Turkish_females_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2007.00831.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -