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Dietary patterns and their sociodemographic and behavioural correlates in French middle-aged adults from the SU.VI.MAX cohort.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 Apr; 63(4):521-8.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

Few studies have investigated dietary patterns among French adults. We aimed to identify dietary patterns and their relation with nutrient intakes, sociodemographic, lifestyle and other health indicators in a large population of middle-aged subjects living in France.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis in 5194 women and men aged 45-60 years enrolled in the SU.VI.MAX (Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants) study. Dietary data were based on repeated 24-h dietary records (at least six records during 2 years).

RESULTS

Four patterns were identified: (1) 'alcohol and meat products'; (2) 'prudent diet'; (3) 'convenience foods'; and (4) 'starch, sauces, and vegetables'. The first pattern was positively associated with low education, smoking and overweight in both genders, as well as with abdominal obesity in women and treated hyperlipidaemia and/or hypertension in men. The second pattern was positively correlated with high education and being older than 55 years and negatively correlated with current smoking. This pattern was also associated with overweight and low waist circumference in women and with hyperlipidaemia treatment in men. The third pattern was inversely related to age and positively related to higher education in both genders. In men, higher scores were related to living alone and an urban residence. The fourth pattern was associated with high education and an urban residence in men only.

CONCLUSIONS

Our study identified four dietary patterns in this population of French middle-aged adults. Associations with sociodemographic, behavioural and health-related factors were found to differ according to dietary patterns. Sex-specific relationships were also found.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM U557/INRA U1125/CNAM/Paris 13, Human Nutrition Research Center of Ile de France, UFR SMBH Paris 13, Bobigny, France. e.kesse@uren.smbh.univ-paris13.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18212801

Citation

Kesse-Guyot, E, et al. "Dietary Patterns and Their Sociodemographic and Behavioural Correlates in French Middle-aged Adults From the SU.VI.MAX Cohort." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 4, 2009, pp. 521-8.
Kesse-Guyot E, Bertrais S, Péneau S, et al. Dietary patterns and their sociodemographic and behavioural correlates in French middle-aged adults from the SU.VI.MAX cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63(4):521-8.
Kesse-Guyot, E., Bertrais, S., Péneau, S., Estaquio, C., Dauchet, L., Vergnaud, A. C., Czernichow, S., Galan, P., Hercberg, S., & Bellisle, F. (2009). Dietary patterns and their sociodemographic and behavioural correlates in French middle-aged adults from the SU.VI.MAX cohort. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63(4), 521-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602978
Kesse-Guyot E, et al. Dietary Patterns and Their Sociodemographic and Behavioural Correlates in French Middle-aged Adults From the SU.VI.MAX Cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63(4):521-8. PubMed PMID: 18212801.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary patterns and their sociodemographic and behavioural correlates in French middle-aged adults from the SU.VI.MAX cohort. AU - Kesse-Guyot,E, AU - Bertrais,S, AU - Péneau,S, AU - Estaquio,C, AU - Dauchet,L, AU - Vergnaud,A-C, AU - Czernichow,S, AU - Galan,P, AU - Hercberg,S, AU - Bellisle,F, Y1 - 2008/01/23/ PY - 2008/1/24/pubmed PY - 2009/5/30/medline PY - 2008/1/24/entrez SP - 521 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 63 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated dietary patterns among French adults. We aimed to identify dietary patterns and their relation with nutrient intakes, sociodemographic, lifestyle and other health indicators in a large population of middle-aged subjects living in France. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis in 5194 women and men aged 45-60 years enrolled in the SU.VI.MAX (Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants) study. Dietary data were based on repeated 24-h dietary records (at least six records during 2 years). RESULTS: Four patterns were identified: (1) 'alcohol and meat products'; (2) 'prudent diet'; (3) 'convenience foods'; and (4) 'starch, sauces, and vegetables'. The first pattern was positively associated with low education, smoking and overweight in both genders, as well as with abdominal obesity in women and treated hyperlipidaemia and/or hypertension in men. The second pattern was positively correlated with high education and being older than 55 years and negatively correlated with current smoking. This pattern was also associated with overweight and low waist circumference in women and with hyperlipidaemia treatment in men. The third pattern was inversely related to age and positively related to higher education in both genders. In men, higher scores were related to living alone and an urban residence. The fourth pattern was associated with high education and an urban residence in men only. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identified four dietary patterns in this population of French middle-aged adults. Associations with sociodemographic, behavioural and health-related factors were found to differ according to dietary patterns. Sex-specific relationships were also found. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18212801/Dietary_patterns_and_their_sociodemographic_and_behavioural_correlates_in_French_middle_aged_adults_from_the_SU_VI_MAX_cohort_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602978 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -