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Correlation between otitis media and craniofacial morphology in adults.
Ear Nose Throat J. 2007 Dec; 86(12):738-43.EN

Abstract

We conducted a comparison study to determine if the development of otitis media in adults is correlated with craniofacial morphology. Our study population was made up of 66 adults, aged 18 to 40 years; 32 of these patients had otitis media and 34 did not. All subjects underwent a complete otolaryngologic examination, video-otoscopy, fiberoptic nasal endoscopy, and lateral cephalometry. Statistical analysis of the cephalometric measurements in the otitis media group and the control group revealed significant differences in the angle between the anterior skull base and medial skull base, upper facial height, and anterior facial height. Also, some significant differences were seen between the measurements in the otitis media group and the normal dimensions of the harmonic face as reported in the literature; these differences were seen in the length of the anterior skull base, the angle of cranial deflection, the depth of the maxilla, the angle of the mandibular plane, the angle of facial depth, the angle of the facial cone, and lower facial height. Not all of these significant differences, however were predictive of the evolution of otitis media. Based on our analysis, we conclude that four cephalometric measurements are predictive of the evolution of otitis media: (1) the length of the anterior skull base, (2) the angle between the anterior skull base and medial skull base, (3) maxillary depth, and (4) upper facial height. No correlations were found between otitis media and nasal blockage or between otitis media and facial type.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil. renatadifran@uol.com.brNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18217377

Citation

Di Francesco, Renata C., et al. "Correlation Between Otitis Media and Craniofacial Morphology in Adults." Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal, vol. 86, no. 12, 2007, pp. 738-43.
Di Francesco RC, Sampaio PL, Bento RF. Correlation between otitis media and craniofacial morphology in adults. Ear Nose Throat J. 2007;86(12):738-43.
Di Francesco, R. C., Sampaio, P. L., & Bento, R. F. (2007). Correlation between otitis media and craniofacial morphology in adults. Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal, 86(12), 738-43.
Di Francesco RC, Sampaio PL, Bento RF. Correlation Between Otitis Media and Craniofacial Morphology in Adults. Ear Nose Throat J. 2007;86(12):738-43. PubMed PMID: 18217377.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlation between otitis media and craniofacial morphology in adults. AU - Di Francesco,Renata C, AU - Sampaio,Perboyre Lacerda, AU - Bento,Ricardo Ferreira, PY - 2008/1/26/pubmed PY - 2008/3/28/medline PY - 2008/1/26/entrez SP - 738 EP - 43 JF - Ear, nose, & throat journal JO - Ear Nose Throat J VL - 86 IS - 12 N2 - We conducted a comparison study to determine if the development of otitis media in adults is correlated with craniofacial morphology. Our study population was made up of 66 adults, aged 18 to 40 years; 32 of these patients had otitis media and 34 did not. All subjects underwent a complete otolaryngologic examination, video-otoscopy, fiberoptic nasal endoscopy, and lateral cephalometry. Statistical analysis of the cephalometric measurements in the otitis media group and the control group revealed significant differences in the angle between the anterior skull base and medial skull base, upper facial height, and anterior facial height. Also, some significant differences were seen between the measurements in the otitis media group and the normal dimensions of the harmonic face as reported in the literature; these differences were seen in the length of the anterior skull base, the angle of cranial deflection, the depth of the maxilla, the angle of the mandibular plane, the angle of facial depth, the angle of the facial cone, and lower facial height. Not all of these significant differences, however were predictive of the evolution of otitis media. Based on our analysis, we conclude that four cephalometric measurements are predictive of the evolution of otitis media: (1) the length of the anterior skull base, (2) the angle between the anterior skull base and medial skull base, (3) maxillary depth, and (4) upper facial height. No correlations were found between otitis media and nasal blockage or between otitis media and facial type. SN - 0145-5613 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18217377/Correlation_between_otitis_media_and_craniofacial_morphology_in_adults_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=18217377.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -