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On the relationship between methane production and oxidation by anaerobic methanotrophic communities from cold seeps of the Gulf of Mexico.
Environ Microbiol 2008; 10(5):1108-17EM

Abstract

The anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) in the marine subsurface is a significant sink for methane in the environment, yet our understanding of its regulation and dynamics is still incomplete. Relatively few groups of microorganisms consume methane in subsurface environments--namely the anaerobic methanotrophic archaea (ANME clades 1, 2 and 3), which are phylogenetically related to methanogenic archaea. Anaerobic oxidation of methane presumably proceeds via a 'reversed' methanogenic pathway. The ANME are generally associated with sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfate is the only documented final electron acceptor for AOM in marine sediments. Our comparative study explored the coupling of AOM with sulfate reduction (SR) and methane generation (MOG) in microbial communities from Gulf of Mexico cold seep sediments that were naturally enriched with methane and other hydrocarbons. These sediments harbour a variety of ANME clades and SRB. Following enrichment under an atmosphere of methane, AOM fuelled 50-100% of SR, even in sediment slurries containing petroleum-associated hydrocarbons and organic matter. In the presence of methane and sulfate, the investigated microbial communities produce methane at a small fraction (approximately 10%) of the AOM rate. Anaerobic oxidation of methane, MOG and SR rates decreased significantly with decreasing concentration of methane, and in the presence of the SR inhibitor molybdate, but reacted differently to the MOG inhibitor 2-bromoethanesulfonate (BES). The addition of acetate, a possible breakdown product of petroleum in situ and a potential intermediate in AOM/SR syntrophy, did not suppress AOM activity; rather acetate stimulated microbial activity in oily sediment slurries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Marine Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18218032

Citation

Orcutt, Beth, et al. "On the Relationship Between Methane Production and Oxidation By Anaerobic Methanotrophic Communities From Cold Seeps of the Gulf of Mexico." Environmental Microbiology, vol. 10, no. 5, 2008, pp. 1108-17.
Orcutt B, Samarkin V, Boetius A, et al. On the relationship between methane production and oxidation by anaerobic methanotrophic communities from cold seeps of the Gulf of Mexico. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10(5):1108-17.
Orcutt, B., Samarkin, V., Boetius, A., & Joye, S. (2008). On the relationship between methane production and oxidation by anaerobic methanotrophic communities from cold seeps of the Gulf of Mexico. Environmental Microbiology, 10(5), pp. 1108-17. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01526.x.
Orcutt B, et al. On the Relationship Between Methane Production and Oxidation By Anaerobic Methanotrophic Communities From Cold Seeps of the Gulf of Mexico. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10(5):1108-17. PubMed PMID: 18218032.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - On the relationship between methane production and oxidation by anaerobic methanotrophic communities from cold seeps of the Gulf of Mexico. AU - Orcutt,Beth, AU - Samarkin,Vladimir, AU - Boetius,Antje, AU - Joye,Samantha, Y1 - 2008/01/23/ PY - 2008/1/26/pubmed PY - 2008/5/17/medline PY - 2008/1/26/entrez SP - 1108 EP - 17 JF - Environmental microbiology JO - Environ. Microbiol. VL - 10 IS - 5 N2 - The anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) in the marine subsurface is a significant sink for methane in the environment, yet our understanding of its regulation and dynamics is still incomplete. Relatively few groups of microorganisms consume methane in subsurface environments--namely the anaerobic methanotrophic archaea (ANME clades 1, 2 and 3), which are phylogenetically related to methanogenic archaea. Anaerobic oxidation of methane presumably proceeds via a 'reversed' methanogenic pathway. The ANME are generally associated with sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfate is the only documented final electron acceptor for AOM in marine sediments. Our comparative study explored the coupling of AOM with sulfate reduction (SR) and methane generation (MOG) in microbial communities from Gulf of Mexico cold seep sediments that were naturally enriched with methane and other hydrocarbons. These sediments harbour a variety of ANME clades and SRB. Following enrichment under an atmosphere of methane, AOM fuelled 50-100% of SR, even in sediment slurries containing petroleum-associated hydrocarbons and organic matter. In the presence of methane and sulfate, the investigated microbial communities produce methane at a small fraction (approximately 10%) of the AOM rate. Anaerobic oxidation of methane, MOG and SR rates decreased significantly with decreasing concentration of methane, and in the presence of the SR inhibitor molybdate, but reacted differently to the MOG inhibitor 2-bromoethanesulfonate (BES). The addition of acetate, a possible breakdown product of petroleum in situ and a potential intermediate in AOM/SR syntrophy, did not suppress AOM activity; rather acetate stimulated microbial activity in oily sediment slurries. SN - 1462-2920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18218032/On_the_relationship_between_methane_production_and_oxidation_by_anaerobic_methanotrophic_communities_from_cold_seeps_of_the_Gulf_of_Mexico_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01526.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -