Video-assisted thoracic surgery sleeve lobectomy: a case series.Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Feb; 85(2):S729-32.AT
As thoracic surgery moves towards more minimally invasive procedures, such as video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, conversion from a VATS to open thoracotomy has been required for a sleeve resection. This article reports a large experience of VATS sleeve lobectomy.
We reviewed our thoracic surgery database of more than 1500 VATS lobectomies for VATS sleeve resections. Preoperative, operative, and perioperative outcome variables, including morbidity and mortality were examined.
Identified were 13 patients (median age, 59 years; range, 16 to 82 years) who underwent VATS sleeve lobectomy. There were no conversions to thoracotomy. Diagnoses included non-small cell lung cancer in 8 patients, typical carcinoid in 4, and metastatic sarcoma in 1 patient. Median tumor size was 2.1 cm (range, 0 to 6.6 cm). Median data were operative time, 167 minutes (range, 90 to 300 minutes); blood loss, 250 mL (range, 75 to 800 mL); chest tube drainage, 692 mL (range, 459 to 1590 mL); and chest tube duration, 3 days (range, 2 to 6 days). Median intensive care unit stay was 0 days (range, 0 to 4 days), and median hospital stay was 3 days (range, 2 to 8 days). No complications occurred in 9 patients (69%). Morbidity in the remaining 4 patients included 1 patient each with atrial fibrillation, anastomotic stricture, reintubation, and bronchial tear requiring repair. There were no deaths at 30 days.
In experienced centers, VATS sleeve lobectomy is possible with acceptable morbidity and mortality as well as short length of stay.