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Unintended pregnancy and its risk factors among university students in eastern China.
Contraception. 2008 Feb; 77(2):108-13.C

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of unintended pregnancy, induced abortion and contraceptive use, and factors associated with unintended pregnancy among Chinese university students.

STUDY DESIGN

A self-administered questionnaire survey with cross-sectional design was administered among students in two universities in Ningbo, China, in November-December 2003. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with unintended pregnancy were identified in both genders using univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS

Of sexually active students, 10.6% of male and 11.6% of female students reported their partner or they had a history of pregnancy; 10.0% of male and 11.3% of female students reported their partner or they had a history of induced abortion. The risk factors for unintended pregnancy identified among males by multivariate analysis were older age [odds ratio (OR), 2.12; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15-3.88], initiation of sexual activity before high school (OR, 2.45; 95% CI, 1.36-4.44), reported lack of condom use in first sexual activity (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.10-2.64), multiple sexual partners (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.06-2.23), and often used condoms during their lifetime (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.01-3.81). The identified risk factors among females were initiation of sexual activity before high school (OR, 5.12; 95% CI, 1.49-17.68), non-consensual sexual intercourse as first sex (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.08-2.90), multiple partners (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.61-4.71), and sometimes/never (OR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.16-7.87) or often (OR, 3.92; 95% CI, 1.43-10.73) used condoms during their lifetime.

CONCLUSION

The high prevalence of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions in this population indicates a need for better and targeted sex education and family planning services.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, China. qiaoqinma@yahoo.com.cnNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18226674

Citation

Ma, Qiaoqin, et al. "Unintended Pregnancy and Its Risk Factors Among University Students in Eastern China." Contraception, vol. 77, no. 2, 2008, pp. 108-13.
Ma Q, Ono-Kihara M, Cong L, et al. Unintended pregnancy and its risk factors among university students in eastern China. Contraception. 2008;77(2):108-13.
Ma, Q., Ono-Kihara, M., Cong, L., Xu, G., Pan, X., Zamani, S., Ravari, S. M., & Kihara, M. (2008). Unintended pregnancy and its risk factors among university students in eastern China. Contraception, 77(2), 108-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2007.10.008
Ma Q, et al. Unintended Pregnancy and Its Risk Factors Among University Students in Eastern China. Contraception. 2008;77(2):108-13. PubMed PMID: 18226674.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Unintended pregnancy and its risk factors among university students in eastern China. AU - Ma,Qiaoqin, AU - Ono-Kihara,Masako, AU - Cong,Liming, AU - Xu,Guozhang, AU - Pan,Xiaohong, AU - Zamani,Saman, AU - Ravari,Shahrzad Mortazavi, AU - Kihara,Masahiro, Y1 - 2008/01/11/ PY - 2007/08/13/received PY - 2007/09/30/revised PY - 2007/10/15/accepted PY - 2008/1/30/pubmed PY - 2008/5/13/medline PY - 2008/1/30/entrez SP - 108 EP - 13 JF - Contraception JO - Contraception VL - 77 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of unintended pregnancy, induced abortion and contraceptive use, and factors associated with unintended pregnancy among Chinese university students. STUDY DESIGN: A self-administered questionnaire survey with cross-sectional design was administered among students in two universities in Ningbo, China, in November-December 2003. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with unintended pregnancy were identified in both genders using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Of sexually active students, 10.6% of male and 11.6% of female students reported their partner or they had a history of pregnancy; 10.0% of male and 11.3% of female students reported their partner or they had a history of induced abortion. The risk factors for unintended pregnancy identified among males by multivariate analysis were older age [odds ratio (OR), 2.12; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.15-3.88], initiation of sexual activity before high school (OR, 2.45; 95% CI, 1.36-4.44), reported lack of condom use in first sexual activity (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.10-2.64), multiple sexual partners (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.06-2.23), and often used condoms during their lifetime (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.01-3.81). The identified risk factors among females were initiation of sexual activity before high school (OR, 5.12; 95% CI, 1.49-17.68), non-consensual sexual intercourse as first sex (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.08-2.90), multiple partners (OR, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.61-4.71), and sometimes/never (OR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.16-7.87) or often (OR, 3.92; 95% CI, 1.43-10.73) used condoms during their lifetime. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions in this population indicates a need for better and targeted sex education and family planning services. SN - 0010-7824 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18226674/Unintended_pregnancy_and_its_risk_factors_among_university_students_in_eastern_China_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-7824(07)00457-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -