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Cigarette and waterpipe smoking among Lebanese adolescents, a cross-sectional study, 2003-2004.
Nicotine Tob Res 2008; 10(2):309-14NT

Abstract

Waterpipe or "argileh" is a form of smoking other than cigarettes that is currently spreading among people of all ages. The objective of the present study was to assess tobacco smoking practices (waterpipe and/or cigarette) among public and private adolescent school students in Beirut, Lebanon. A sample of 2,443 students selected from 10 private and 3 public schools with intermediate/secondary classes filled out a self-administered anonymous questionnaire that inquired about sociodemographic characteristics, and behavior about tobacco smoking. Binary analysis was performed as well as three regression models for the relationship between exclusive cigarettes smoking, exclusive waterpipe smoking and both cigarettes and waterpipe as the dependent variables and gender, type of school, and class as the independent variables. The current prevalence of cigarettes smoking was 11.4%, and that of waterpipe smoking was 29.6%. Gender was significantly associated with cigarettes (OR=3.2, 95% CI 1.8-5.6) but not waterpipe smoking. Public school students were, respectively, 3.2 (95% CI 1.8-5.6) and 1.7 (95% CI 1.4-2.1) times more likely to be exclusive cigarettes smokers, and exclusive waterpipe smokers. Class was not significantly associated with exclusive cigarette smoking; however, students attending secondary classes were 1.3 (95% CI 1.1-1.6) times more likely to be exclusive waterpipe smokers. The reasons behind the high prevalence of both types of smoking are presented and discussed. The present study calls for school-based prevention programs and other types of interventions such as tax increases, and age-restrictions on tobacco sales. More aggressive interventions to disseminate education and awareness among parents and students altogether are warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. ze02@aub.edu.lb

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

18236295

Citation

El-Roueiheb, Zana, et al. "Cigarette and Waterpipe Smoking Among Lebanese Adolescents, a Cross-sectional Study, 2003-2004." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 10, no. 2, 2008, pp. 309-14.
El-Roueiheb Z, Tamim H, Kanj M, et al. Cigarette and waterpipe smoking among Lebanese adolescents, a cross-sectional study, 2003-2004. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008;10(2):309-14.
El-Roueiheb, Z., Tamim, H., Kanj, M., Jabbour, S., Alayan, I., & Musharrafieh, U. (2008). Cigarette and waterpipe smoking among Lebanese adolescents, a cross-sectional study, 2003-2004. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 10(2), pp. 309-14. doi:10.1080/14622200701825775.
El-Roueiheb Z, et al. Cigarette and Waterpipe Smoking Among Lebanese Adolescents, a Cross-sectional Study, 2003-2004. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008;10(2):309-14. PubMed PMID: 18236295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette and waterpipe smoking among Lebanese adolescents, a cross-sectional study, 2003-2004. AU - El-Roueiheb,Zana, AU - Tamim,Hala, AU - Kanj,Mayada, AU - Jabbour,Samer, AU - Alayan,Iman, AU - Musharrafieh,Umayya, PY - 2008/2/1/pubmed PY - 2008/6/5/medline PY - 2008/2/1/entrez SP - 309 EP - 14 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob. Res. VL - 10 IS - 2 N2 - Waterpipe or "argileh" is a form of smoking other than cigarettes that is currently spreading among people of all ages. The objective of the present study was to assess tobacco smoking practices (waterpipe and/or cigarette) among public and private adolescent school students in Beirut, Lebanon. A sample of 2,443 students selected from 10 private and 3 public schools with intermediate/secondary classes filled out a self-administered anonymous questionnaire that inquired about sociodemographic characteristics, and behavior about tobacco smoking. Binary analysis was performed as well as three regression models for the relationship between exclusive cigarettes smoking, exclusive waterpipe smoking and both cigarettes and waterpipe as the dependent variables and gender, type of school, and class as the independent variables. The current prevalence of cigarettes smoking was 11.4%, and that of waterpipe smoking was 29.6%. Gender was significantly associated with cigarettes (OR=3.2, 95% CI 1.8-5.6) but not waterpipe smoking. Public school students were, respectively, 3.2 (95% CI 1.8-5.6) and 1.7 (95% CI 1.4-2.1) times more likely to be exclusive cigarettes smokers, and exclusive waterpipe smokers. Class was not significantly associated with exclusive cigarette smoking; however, students attending secondary classes were 1.3 (95% CI 1.1-1.6) times more likely to be exclusive waterpipe smokers. The reasons behind the high prevalence of both types of smoking are presented and discussed. The present study calls for school-based prevention programs and other types of interventions such as tax increases, and age-restrictions on tobacco sales. More aggressive interventions to disseminate education and awareness among parents and students altogether are warranted. SN - 1462-2203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18236295/Cigarette_and_waterpipe_smoking_among_Lebanese_adolescents_a_cross_sectional_study_2003_2004_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1080/14622200701825775 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -