Ex vivo priming of endothelial progenitor cells with SDF-1 before transplantation could increase their proangiogenic potential.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2008 Apr; 28(4):644-50.AT
As SDF-1 and its cognate receptor CXCR4 play a key role in the survival and mobilization of immature cells, we examined whether preconditioning of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) with SDF-1 could further promote their capacity to enhance angiogenesis.
METHODS AND RESULTS
EPC exposure to 100 ng/mL SDF-1 for 30 min induced a proangiogenic phenotype, with cell migration and differentiation into vascular cords in Matrigel and increased their therapeutic potential in a nude mouse model of hindlimb ischemia. This pretreatment enhanced EPC adhesion to activated endothelium in physiological conditions of blood flow by stimulating integrin-mediated EPCs binding to endothelial cells. Pretreated EPCs showed significantly upregulated surface alpha4 and alphaM integrin subunit expression involved in the homing of immature cells to a neovasculature and enhanced FGF-2 and promatrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 secretion. All these effects were significantly attenuated by EPC incubation with AMD-3100, a CXCR4 antagonist, by prior HSPGs disruption and by HUVEC incubation with anti-intercellular adhesion molecule1 (ICAM-1) and anti-vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) blocking antibodies. Pretreated EPCs adhered very rapidly (within minutes) and were resistant to shear stresses of up to 2500 s(-1).
SDF-1 pretreatment during EPC expansion stimulates EPC adhesion to endothelial cells and thus augments the efficiency of cell therapy for ischemic vascular diseases.